5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Free Soil Party
- Bleeding Kansas
- The Anaconda Strategy
- Andrew Johnson
- John Brown's Raid
- a Union strategy
• Split the Confederacy in two by capturing the Mississippi River
• Blockade Confederate ports
- b A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president. Racist.
- c A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
- d this political group opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
- e An attempt by abolitionist John Brown to cause a slave rebellion by seizing a weapons arsenal; however, it failed since no slaver knew about it. Caused south to believe northern abolitionists were all radical and militant.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states
- It was a farm tenancy system in which families worked a farm or section of land in return for a share of the crop rather than wages. Sharecropping replaced the plantation system destroyed by the Civil War.
- 10% of voters from the last election had to pledge to support the union. Pardon all Confederates except high-ranking officials and those who were cruel to POW's
However, Congress says, "No," because it appears too lenient.
LINCOLN DOES NOT WANT TO PUNISH
- from Kansas-Nebraska act, basically nullified the Missouri Compromise, and would allow Kansas to have a public vote on whether they wanted to be a Free State, or Slave State. It was thought that the few slave-owners in Kansas would be out-voted easily. Slave Owners in Missouri, who were a small minority of the state, were afraid slaves would escape across the border, so they 'immigrated' thier people into Kansas to pad the vote, abolitionists flocked there too, culminating in "Bloody Kansas"
- Expression used by Southern authors and orators before the Civil War to indicate the economic dominance of the Southern cotton industry, and that the North needed the South's cotton. In a speech to the Senate in 1858, James Hammond declared, "You daren't make war against cotton! ...Cotton is king!".
5 True/False questions
Freedmen's Bureau → Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.
Reconstruction Acts → During the Civil War, conscription created public unrest and class resentment b/c:
-immigrants felt like they were drafted more often
-families lost their breadwinners
-wealthy could avoid the draft by paying or hiring substitutes
-men who had over a certain amount of slaves were exempt (to keep order in Southern society and allow for food production)
California Gold Rush → gold discovery in Sutter's Mill in 1848 resulted in huge mass of adventurers in 1849, led to application for statehood, opened question of slavery in the West
Election of 1860 → Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
Republic of Texas → Emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats.