5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Suspension of habeas corpus
- Popular Sovereignty
- a It was a farm tenancy system in which families worked a farm or section of land in return for a share of the crop rather than wages. Sharecropping replaced the plantation system destroyed by the Civil War.
- b from Kansas-Nebraska act, basically nullified the Missouri Compromise, and would allow Kansas to have a public vote on whether they wanted to be a Free State, or Slave State. It was thought that the few slave-owners in Kansas would be out-voted easily. Slave Owners in Missouri, who were a small minority of the state, were afraid slaves would escape across the border, so they 'immigrated' thier people into Kansas to pad the vote, abolitionists flocked there too, culminating in "Bloody Kansas"
- c the site of surrender of the Confederate general Lee to Union general Grant in April 1865, marking the end of the Civil War, his surrender prevent several more years of guerilla war, Grant was lenient- the idea of reconciliation not vengeance, the south could keep its horses and the generals could keep their guns
- d the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation
- e Abraham Lincoln did this, which was a court order that forced the detainer of a prisoner to show cause for the prisoner's detention. By suspending the order, the president had the right to arrest anti-Unionists or pro-Southerners.
5 Multiple choice questions
- this political group opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
- The issue was that Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, therefore unbalancing the Union so there would be more slave states then free states. The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state. Congress also made a line across the southern border of Missouri saying except for the state of Missouri, all states north of that line must be free states or states without slavery.
- Dispute over whether any Mexican territory that America won during the Mexican War should be free or a slave territory. A representative named David Wilmot introduced an amendment stating that any territory acquired from Mexico would be free. This amendment passed the House twice, but failed to ever pass in Senate. The "Wilmot Proviso", as it became known as, became a symbol of how intense dispute over slavery was in the U.S.
- During the race to become Senator Lincoln asked to have multiple debates with Douglas. Certain topics of these debates were slavery, how to deal with slavery, and where slavery should be allowed. Although Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, he was known throughout the country because of the debates.
- Expression used by Southern authors and orators before the Civil War to indicate the economic dominance of the Southern cotton industry, and that the North needed the South's cotton. In a speech to the Senate in 1858, James Hammond declared, "You daren't make war against cotton! ...Cotton is king!".
5 True/False questions
Kansas Nebraska Act → This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Border States → Slave states--Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri--that remained loyal to the Union; the secession of these states would have considerably strengthened the South.
Radical Republicans → These were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.
Manifest Destiny → a policy of imperialism rationalized as inevitable (as if granted by God)
especially prevalent during 1840s
Republican Party → Emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats.