APUSH Ch 37 Terms
Terms in this set (24)
Civil Rights Act 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public
strengthened the federal government's power to end segregation in schools and other public locations.
A policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
President Johnson's version of Democratic reform program
1965, Congress passed many measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
social programs targeting assaults on poverty / investments in education and the arts.
In 1964, when blacks and whites together challenged segregation and led a massive drive to register blacks to vote. (MS)
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Group that sent its own delegates to the Democratic National Convention in 1964 to protest discrimination against black voters in Mississippi
Voting Rights Act of 1965
outlawed literacy tests and sent federal voter registrars into several southern states
encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
Black Panther Party
A group formed in 1966, inspired by the idea of Black Power, that provided aid to black neighborhoods; often thought of as radical or violent.
the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.
It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community.
(1967) Short conflict between Egypt and her allies against Israel won by Israel; Israel took over the Golan Heights , The West Bank of the Jordan River; and the Sanai Peninsula.
Uprising in support of equal rights for gay people sparked by an assault by off-duty police officers at a gay bar in New York. The rebellion led to rise in activism and militancy within the gay community and furthered the sexual revolution of the late 1960s.
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
an antiestablishment New Left group, founded in 1960, that called for greater individual freedom and responsibility
Founded in 1962, the SDS was a popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life, notably racial injustice and the Vietnam War. It led thousands of campus protests before it split apart at the end of the 1960s.
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
It stated that the United States would honor its exisiting defense commitments, but in the future other countries would have to fight their own wars without support of American troops.
that group of quiet honest hard-working middle class Americans who do their job, respect their country and support gov.; Nixon wants their votes in 1968 and 1972
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in this village, also led to more opposition to the war.
Kent State University
An Ohio university where National Guardsmen opened fire on students protesting the Vietnam War on May 4, 1970, wounding nine and killing four
The incident greatly decreased the support for U.S. involvement in Vietnam and caused even more protest and resentment.
Government documents that showed the public had been lied to about the status of the war in Vietnam
A top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
Easing of Cold War tensions between the US and Soviet Union (Examples include: SALT)
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon.
A series of statements informing criminal suspects, on their arrest, of their constitutional rights, such as the right to remain silent and the right to counsel: required by Supreme Court's 1966 decision in Miranda v. Arizona
Program established by Richard Nixon to require construction trade unions to work toward hiring more black apprentices. The plan altered Lyndon Johnson's concept of "affirmative action" to focus on groups rather than individuals.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
The US federal agency with a mission to protect human health and the environment.
A day created in 1970 about celebrating and caring for the Earth
International day of celebration and awareness of global environmental issues launched by conservationists on April 22, 1970
President Nixon's attempt to attract the support of Southern conservative Democrats who were unhappy with federal desegregation policies and the liberal Supreme Court.
Nixon's plan to persuade conservative southern white voters away from the Democratic party
War Powers Act
1973. A resolution of Congress that stated the President can only send troops into action abroad by authorization of Congress or if America is already under attack or serious threat.