Terms in this set (26)
The old cliche of the sculptors seeing his "ideal form" within a rock and carving or chipping away at the excess until he finds it or "frees it". In critic Rosalind Krauss's words, "releasing the sculptural object like a surgeon assisting a birth"
modelling malleable materials such as clay
a sculptural term that means building up, assembling, or putting on material. this method encompasses many contemporary materials and techniques such as the assemblage of objects from wood, metal, plastics, adhesives, fasteners, etc. Objects which use techniques derived from the world of furniture construction and carpentry are included in this category as are objects welded or riveted together or made from found materials
creation or duplicate of ab object (either found or made) by making a mold of that object and casting another material into the mold to make a replica
the area controlled by a 3D piece, including not only its form but also a subtly energized but physically unfilled area in or around the work
occupied space/positive space
space inside the physical object or shape
unoccupied space/negative space
the space around the physical object or shape also a shape itself
process or service relating to the production of large or technically difficult artworks.
when human form is the primary subject (Henry Moore)
found object art
an object not originally created as art but used in or appreciated as a work of art
Artworks designed for gallery spaces or other environments for a specific period of time; these artworks are designed to be walked through or around so the viewer becomes immersed in the experience of the work
art that moves (Alexander Calder)
a method of casting metal by a process in which a wax mold covered with clay and fired, leaves a hollow form for metal molds to be made (Donatello)
a small-scale model for a sculpture
an art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
art made with a combination of different materials
Exactly the same throughout; lacking any diversity
surface discoloration caused by age and oxidation
Art created from undisguised, but often modified, objects that are not normally considered art. Duchamp's Fountain.
Art that is produced in or for one location and is not intended to be relocated.
extremely accurate representation of actual three-dimensional objects
apparent "heaviness" or "lightness" of the forms arranged in a composition. This is gauged by how much a shape draws our attention
terms coined to describe the work created by Alexander Calder; the mobile is a hanging, movable sculpture; the stabile rests on the ground, but may also have moving parts
art in motion