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Microbes - Final Exam
Terms in this set (74)
Innate immune system includes
immunity that is present at the birth
enzymes found in saliva
Artificially acquired active immunity is obtained through
Can you get the flu twice in a season?
Yes, if you are infected with a different strain of the virus
HIV can be contracted when the virus enters
through the mucus membrane
What is not correct for HIV infection?
Immediately after infection, all the AIDS symptoms are fully expressed
How many people currently live with HIV in the USA?
Where River Blindness is commonly found?
How long can the Microfilaria (larvae) of O. volvulus live inside the host?
River blindness is caused by a parasitic worm. The parasite is transmitted by the black fly. Underneath infectious bite a nodule is formed. What is not correct for a nodule?
This is the site where adult females and males being encapsulated
Transmission of Trachoma is favored by all of the following EXCEPT?
Why is it more difficult to treat the infections caused by Gram negative bacteria with antibiotics?
The unique nature of their cell wall
Trachoma is caused by which microorganism
Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye) can be caused by:
Results from the infection with a virus that causes a common cold
What is not correct for conjunctivitis?
It is a genetic disease
Acne are caused by which microorganism?
Sebaceous glands are
Glands located near the hair follicles
Producing oily substance
What is not a risk factor for acne?
Which of these options are not a way to contract a skin wart?
Touching a frog
What is not correct for skin warts?
They are caused by skin bacteria
What is not correct? Skin warts can be removed by
How are you more likely to contract a Fungal Skin Infection?
While walking barefoot around a pool.
What is not correct for Candida?
It is a bacterium that infects oral mucous membranes
Tinea cruris is a common skin infection that affects
What are some ways to prevent getting infected with rabies?
Do not touch wild animals
Keep all pets vaccinations up to date
Reporting strays and infected animals
Which is incorrect about rabies?
Average incubation in human is 2 days
Rabies is treated with
Rabies immune globulin
Rabies vaccine was invented by:
The food most likely to be contaminated with botulism toxin is:
One way parents can help prevent botulism in infants is to:
Not give honey to a child under a year old
Production of a neurotoxin that causes relaxation of muscle is a characteristic of
Honey is not recommended for newborns because it may cause
Infection with Clostridium botulinum
What is not correct for botulinum toxin?
It has strong antifungal properties
Meningitis is a type of an infection that infects what?
Which type of meningitis is more serious?
Why college students are at higher risk in contracting meningitis? Because
They live in dorms
Where is the Bubonic Plague thought to have originated from?
The bubonic plague is caused by
The bacterium called Yersenia pestis
Black Death is transmitted via
What is the name of the bacterium that causes Lyme disease in humans?
Which is not correct? Lyme disease causes symptoms such as:
The bite by the tick that is infected with the Lyme disease causing agent, will result in
Bull's eye rash
Which of the following is not one of the ways in which the Ebola virus can be transmitted?
By eating raw food that has not been cleaned correctly.
Where Ebola was first discovered?
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa.
Ebola can be treated with
Cannot be treated
The natural Ebola virus host is thought to be
Tuberculosis is caused by
Bacterium belonging to the genus of Mycobacterium
The causative agent of tuberculosis can survive in external environment for a long period of time because
The cell wall contains mycolic acid
Before antibiotics were discovered, tuberculosis
Patients were treated in sanatoria, where therapy included plenty of fresh air and sunbathing
Which of the following can be used to treat Diphtheria?
Keeping patients isolated until no longer contagious
The hallmark sign of diphtheria is
Gray material covering the back of the throat
If not treated diphtheria can progress into
Common cold is
Not a microbiological disease
What is not correct for common cold?
Can be treated with antibiotics
How often does the average adult person get a cold per year?
About 2 - 4
Cholera is an infection of which of the following?
Which is not correct? Symptoms of cholera includes
Risk factors for cholera include all except
Salmonella is a common cause of food poisoning. This is a
Gram negative bacterium
Raw meat should be stored on the bottom shelf in a refrigerator because
It might drip onto other foods
Norovirus is a causative agent of gastrointestinal illness, common on cruise ships. In order to avoid an infection you should
Wash hands frequently
Ulcers occur most commonly in the _______.
Which test is most accurate in the diagnosis of true peptic ulcers caused by H. pylori?
Stool sample test
Causative agent of peptic ulcer is
The bacterium Helicobacter pylori
Peptic ulcer is treated with
Proton pump inhibitors
The primary stage of syphilis is characterized with
Sore in the location where syphilis entered the body
What is not correct for syphilis?
It can be contracted through sexual contact only
The causative agent of syphilis is Treponema pallidum. This is
A spiral-shaped bacterium
What is not correct for gonorrhea?
It affects men only
Gonorrhea is caused by
Gonorrhea affects the reproductive tract
also the mucous membranes of the mouth
also the mucous membranes of throat
What is not correct? You can get genital herpes
from swimming pools
What is not correct for genital herpes?
It can be treated with antibiotics
Infection with genital herpes can cause sores in
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