Biological Anthro Exam 2 - Quiz Questions
Terms in this set (52)
The disease rickets, which affects bone mineralization, results from a deficiency in...
The growth and development of females is more sensitive to stressors in the environment than the growth and development of males
vasoconstriction results in the red face of a person in a hot environment
Human adaptation occurs at four levels: genetic, developmental, acclimatization, and cultural
There is an old adage that "a fat baby is a healthy baby." A critique of this statement might be that
overnutrition is linked to an increase in diabetes, cholesterol, and blood pressure.
The eruption of the first permanent molar and the completion of brain growth happen during ____________ development.
In general, populations living between 0 20°N latitude have the darkest skin color.
Frank Livingstone, a noted physical anthropologist, is famous for having said about human diversity in appearance: "There are no _________; there are only ___________."
The medullary cavity of a bone exists in the
One of your classmates moved to the United States from Somalia as a kid in the late 1990s. After seeing a picture of his family, you notice that he and his sister must have been undernourished for several years. You arrive at this conclusion because
your classmate and his sister are both much shorter than their parents.
According to Bergmann's and Allen's rules, all of the following are true except
the Inuit in Greenland are tall and long-limbed.
A gradual change in phenotype over a geographical area is called a
The concept of race began
during the renaissance
Hair loss and sweating are both thermoregulatory adaptations to heat in humans.
The period of time from about 20 years old to the end of the reproductive years is called
A major criticism that can be leveled against Johann Blumenbach's racial typology is that
his five types did not take into account thousands of years of human evolution.
On a visit to the zoo, you overhear a teacher telling a young student that the chimpanzees climb and swing on branches because
their good sense of touch lets them grip trees.
Which of the following is not true of primates?
Primates inhabit every continent.
Anthropoids differ from prosimians in all the following ways except that they
have more teeth than prosimians.
The dental formula for Old World primates, including humans, is
2 / 1 / 2 / 3.
Hominoids do not have tails.
Male primates use their canines for eating food and for scaring enemies.
Your sister calls you crying because she just hit an animal with her car and she thinks it was a ring-tailed lemur. You calm her down by saying that
lemurs exist in the wild only in Madagascar, so she probably hit a raccoon.
The teeth of Old World monkeys and apes differ in that
apes have a Y-5 pattern of cusps, whereas Old World monkeys have a bilophodont pattern.
According to British anatomist Wilfrid Le Gros Clark, the main tendencies that help to define what a primate is include:
the ability to eat a wide variety of foods; investing time and effort into offspring; and adaptations to life in the trees.
Fingerprints help enhance primates sense of touch.
Primates' enhanced ___________ led to a reduced sense of ___________.
Visual differences between primates and other animals include
overlapping vision fields.
Primates that are adapted for eating large amounts of plants and leaves can be distinguished by their
A fossil with bilophodont molars is most likely an Old World monkey.
One of your friends is originally from Ecuador. When he was a kid, he would sneak into the forest and watch howler monkeys. On one of these trips, though, he insists that he and his friends found a human skull. As he describes it, you realize it was not human because
the foramen magnum was not located at the bottom of the skull.
All primates have opposable toes.
At the primate exhibit at the zoo, you notice a slew of monkeys dangling from branches by their tails. The information plaque notes that they are colobus, gibbons, and orangutans. When you read this, you immediately seek out the zookeeper to complain about the error because
none of those primates have prehensile tails.
The fact that humans are related to chimpanzees can be seen in Linnaean taxonomy, where both are
in the superfamily Hominoidea.
During a class presentation on communication among apes, your classmate makes an error while listing examples of this behavior. Based on your knowledge of primate communication in general, which of the following is incorrect?
Diana monkeys can count to five by stomping on the ground.
When there is competition among primates for mates,
males may become larger.
Which of the following is true about chimpanzee tool use?
Chimpanzees use tools mostly for acquiring food.
A polygynous primate society will tend to have a residence pattern of
Female primates with good nutrition have
shorter intervals between birth of offspring.
Sometimes male primates will kill infant primates
to gain access to receptive, fertile females.
Chimpanzees are known to hunt other animals for their meat. A chimpanzee group will have the most success in which of the following scenarios?
A dozen male chimps hunt juvenile red colobus monkeys.
The primate residence pattern of one-female, multimale can also be described as
Researchers have found that many primates can learn how to fashion tools and pass this information along to younger members of their society, indicating other primates may tell us more about ancient humans'
While swimming in the ocean with your friends, one of them starts to struggle to stay above the water. Your other friend braves a strong undertow, and both emerge safely on the beach. When the lifeguard arrives, he chastises your friend for brazenly jumping into the surf, but you praise your friend's instincts, noting that
cooperative behaviors such as altruism have a long history in both human and primate societies.
A female primate has a better chance of feeding herself and her young when
large patches of fruit-bearing trees dot the landscape.
Chimpanzees have been trained to communicate with humans through
American Sign Language.
Primate behavior studies targeting the mother/infant bond suggest that
growing up with a wire surrogate mother causes infants to lack social skills.
Natural selection is related to primate communication in that
the ability to communicate allows primates to pass on information necessary for survival.
At the primate habitat at the zoo, your friend comments that the orangutans seem to be monogamous or mated for life. You take one look at these apes and assert that you friend is wrong when
the male orangutan bares his large canines and rears up to show he is twice the size of the female.
During an internship at the Jane Goodall Institute, you are tasked with observing the residence patterns of the chimpanzees in Gombe National Park. At the end of the summer, you have learned all of the chimps' names and have recorded all of the following groups of chimps living together except
Athena, Cindy, Kay, and Lulu.
During your first week as an intern at Gombe National Park, you fail to spot any chimpanzees, even in areas replete with food that the chimps are known to frequent. Dejected, you tell your supervisor, who reassures you that it will get better when
the chimpanzees become habituated to your presence.
The average life span of humans is about
twice as long as other primates'.