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69 terms

US History Chapter 6 study guide

STUDY
PLAY
designer of the brooklyn bridge
roebling
railroad scandal that overcharged for work not completed
credit mobilier
created a new furnace for producing steel from iron ore
bessemer
made his fortune in america booming steel industry
carnegie
created a railroad sleeper car
pullman
company that built part of the first transocntinental railroad
central pacific
union president of the american railway union
debs
inventor of the barbed wire for fences
glidden
teacher of the deaf, inventor of the telephone
bell
efficiency expert who helped companies eliminate waste
taylor
first national park in the united states
yellowstone park
territory where the transcontinental railroad was completed
utah
head of the american federation of labor
gompers
eastern end of the first transcontinental railroad
omaha
inventor of peanut butter
straub
became the wealthiest oil man in america. started standard oil of ohio
rockefeller
founder of the tuskegee institution in alabama
washington
most of the central pacific rr construction workers were from here
china
invented an elevator with a safety brake
otis
invented airbrakes for trains and automatic switches for railroad tracks
westinghouse
shot and killed by a disgrunted office seeker in 1881
garfield
produced a roll film camera that was easy for all the use
eastman
good deed doer
philanthropist
president at the time the first transcontinental railroad was completed
grant
inventor of the typewriter
sholes
had over a thousand patents to his credit
edison
to have market control over goods or services
monopoly
rich financier who purchased carnegie's steel company
morgan
the means by which an inventor protects his/her ideas
patent
only after _________ successfuly used a steam engine to drill oil did removing oil from below the earth's surface become practical
drake
the __________ reaffirmed the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities
interstate commerce act
____________ became one of the wealthiest and most powerful industrialists as head of the standard oil company.
rockefeller
the central pacific and union pacific railroads met at promontory point, utah. to create the nation's first __________
transcontinental railroad
_________ made it illegal to form trusts that interfered with free trade between states
sherman antitrust act
recognizing how important railroads were for settling the west, the government made marge __________ to the railroad companies
land grants
the central pacific railroad employed thousands of __________ immigrants, while numerous _______ immigrants worked for the union pacific railroad
chinese, irish
under railroad time, the united states was divided into _______ time zones
four
various measures enacted to regulate the railroads were known as ______________
granger laws
by the end of the 19th century, a quarter of the nation's railroads had been taken over by________
financial companies
a corporation that did othing but buy out the stock of other companies was known as a
holding company
john d rockefeller became a magnate of the
oil industry
to improve their labor conditions, many industrial workers formed
unions
the great strike of 1877 involved workers for some of the nation's
railroads
the violent incident that turned much of the public against the labor movement was known as the
haymarket affair
by world war 1, membership in the american federation of labor was around
2 million
gave state the right to regulate railroads
munn v. illinois
steel magnate
carnegie
improved steel making procedure
bessemer process
promoted business competition
social darwinism
merging of similar companies
horizontal integration
major railroad scandal
credit mobilier
inventor of the telephone
bell
president of the afl
gompers
steel framed skyscraper
jenney
bessemer process
kelly
mass produced electricity
edison
the stockholders of the union pacific railroad used the pullman company to make huge, unearned profits for themselves. true or false?
true
the brooklun bridge connects which two sections of new york city?
manhattan to brooklyn
where was john roebling from?
germany
where did washington roebling get his bridge building experience?
civil war
process by which a company buys out all of its suppliers
vertical integration
focused on collective bargaining and used strikes as a major tactic
american federation of labor
made it illegal for corporations to interfere with free interstate or international trade
sherman antitrust act
supporter of the great strike of 1877 and organizer of the united mine workers of america
mary harris jones
organized in chicago, 1905, by a group of radical unionists and socialists.
industrial workers of the world
theory that justified the efforts of millionaires and discouraged government interference in big business
social darwinism
a corporation made up of many companies that recieve certificates entitling them to dividends on profits earned
trust
large companies in which shares are sold in investors
corporation
which us president attended thhe opening ceremony president
arthur