World History 2nd Semester Final 2018
Terms in this set (45)
Social Darwinists believe that?
Powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker ones
Why did European countries establish colonies in Africa during the 19th century?
they wished to expand their economies
What waterway was vital to trade during the height of British imperialism?
The Zulu War, the Sepoy Rebellion, and the Boxer Rebellion were conflicts that were caused by what event?
What events sparked the start of WWII?
German annexation of Czechoslovakia, Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact, Invasion of Poland
What event, which took place on Dec. 7th, 1941, led President Roosevelt to describe it as a day that would "live in infamy"?
Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor
Who received most of the blame from the Allies for the events of WWI?
The Allies blamed Germany for starting the war and placed reparations on Germany to repay Europe for the destruction of war
What did Germany, Italy, Japan, and the Soviet Union have in common during the WWII era?
They all had totalitarian leaders
What event leads France and Great Britain to declare war on Germany, sparking the official beginning of WWII?
Invasion of Poland
What event was considered the spark that began WWI?
The assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Fourteen Points
President Woodrow Wilson's plan for lasting peace following World War I, proposed a League of Nations which the US Congress opted not to join
The primary fighting style on the western front during WWI
The first atomic bomb was dropped on which city?
What was the primary goal of the Japanese for their attacks on the US in December of 1941?
To cripple the US Pacific fleet
Nazi genocide against the Jewish population across Europe, included placing Jewish people in concentration camps, led to the systematic murder of nearly 6 million Jews.
What happened following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
These leaders shared what characteristic: Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin
They are all totalitarian rulers
Allied Powers during WWII
Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, United States
Which movement inspired the French Revolution?
Which events are associated with the French Revolution?
The Storming of the Bastille, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, The Reign of Terror
How did Napoleon rise to power?
He took advantage of political chaos following the French Revolution
What did Napoleon provide, allowing him to become a welcomed leader by the people of France?
Napoleon's rise to power came as a?
French military hero
Storming of the Bastille
What was the result of Napoleon's invasion of Russia
Events of WWI
Zimmerman Note, Sinking of the Lusitania, Fourteen Points
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty that ended WWI
What was a major cause for the United States entry into WWI?
Germany's decision to resume unrestricted submarine warfare
Central Powers of WWI
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
This Chinese rebellion took place in 1899 and caused the western democracies to send troops to put down the rebellion.
How did technology make WWI different from previous conflicts?
The destructive technology meant more casualties of war
How did Imperialism lead to WWI?
European nations were eager to gain the colonial territory owned by their rivals
How successful was the League of Nations leading up to WWII?
They had no power to enforce punishment on nations invading other countries
How did Hitler violate the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany rebuilt its military, Germany invaded the Rhineland and Sudetenland, Hitler developed a policy of strong nationalism and planned to take over Europe.
What was the name of the program that developed the atomic bomb for the United States?
The Manhattan Project
The 1944 Allied invasion of France was know as?
Following the Battle of Waterloo and the defeat of Napoleon. leaders across Europe gathered to discuss and restore stability.
Congress of Vienna
Who led the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917?
This document became the first constitution of France that provided rights for individuals and limited the power of the king?
The Declaration of the Right of Man
The first factories in Great Britain developed in what industry?
The development of steam power enabled the growth of?
What two nations became unified in Europe before WWI?
Italy and Germany
Who was the leader of Germany during WWI?
During WWI, the use of new weapons such as _______ were new in warfare, but had little impact.
Airplanes and tanks
An example of this is the fact that citizens were at time targeted during combat