Upgrade to remove ads
20th century HUM final
Terms in this set (54)
Turning point for postmodernism
artists began to reject the pure, almost hygenic uniformity of the Bauhaus and international style
2 names for the Raisin building in Prague
"ginger and fred"
the architects for the Raisin building in Prague
Frank Gehry and Vlado Milunic
hallmark for postmodern
use of many different, even contradictory elements of design
wrote Gentle Manifesto
"Clearest and most seminal statement of the postmodern aesthetic"
"must embody the difficult unity of inclusion"
A place that Robert Venturi saw as postmodern
What constitutes the postmodern condition
living in a "different whole"
Frank Gehrys 2 famous postmodern places
Santa Monica, Cali house
Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain
What computer program did Gehry use to design Guggenheim Museum
using sustainable building materials and adapting new building to the climate and culture in which they are built
3 builidings that illustrate green architecture at work
Santago Calatrava- design for Path Station world trade center (childs hand releasing bird in the air)
Renzo Piano- Jean Marie Tjibaou cultural center
Herzog and de Meuron- Birds Nest
(Beijing olympic National Stadium)
"Birds nest in the style of Cubism Painting"
was seized by chinease officals because of its muted palette
shows meaning is itself always plural in nature
Roots lie with French
argues that meaning occurs not through identification, but through difference
forms the basis for semiotics, the study of signs
a sign= signifier/ possible signifers
described signs with larger cultural meanings as "mythologies"
the chief practicer of Deconstruction
what does deconstruction suggest
that the "Text" be analyzed and taken apart in order to show what has been left out or overlooked
What do chaos theorists believe
biological and mathematical patterns that appear random, unstable, and disorderly are actually part of larger more "different wholes"
offered a way to go beyond deconstruction
Polish-French mathematician who formulated fractal theory
What is chaos theory being applied to
everything from project management to population dynamics to descriptions of the spread of disease and to DNA and genome research
a project the chaos theory has helped
The Human Genome Project
succeeded in identifying all 20,000-25,000 genes in Human DNA that regulate the human cellar system in operations and functions
German artist known for works made using photoblur
he believes in no style, no direction, no definitions, inconsistency, and continued uncertainty
Why does Gerhard RIchter like photographs?
Free of all conventional critera (style, composition, judgement)
they are pure
adapted Pollock's drip technique to her own ends
"yellow and blue one stroke waterfall"
The postmodern world consists of
multiple centers of thought, each existing simultaneously and independently of one another
wrote "The Order of Things"
inspired by the impossibility of Borges's encyclopedia
shows postmodern world
Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986)
his short essay "Borges and I" may be the first postmodern exploration of impossibility of the postmodern world
teaches us point of view
produces texts that willingly place themselves in such an open field of interpretations, subject to uncertainity
any form of writing that defeats the reader's expectations of coherence, that dwells on then uncertainty and ambiguity of experience, and that requires readers who can adjust to that situation
2 examples of postmodern fiction
Pynchon's 1963 novel "V"
Paul Auster's, "City of Glass" 1985 (eliminates distance between the author and his work draws attention to the act of writing. Also, abolishes distinction between the writer, reader, and the detective)
Principal strategy of postmodern poetry
where is this most evident in
take advantage of the indeterminacy of certain words, paticulary "it" "this and "that"
very clean in David Antins "If we make it" and "if we get it
(another example is John Ashbey's "On the tow path")
"to raise the water level in a fish pond"
the city's class of new poor raised the water level 1 meter, Huana considered this a metaphor for raising the govs consciousness
"an action of no avail"
An image of hope
The Holy Virgin Mary
meant to symbolize fertility
makes hybrid clothes
Aurora Levins Morales
"Child of the Americas"
shows Latin culture becoming increasingly Americanized
created a mural that showed the new "Mexican towns" that have become more commonplace in rural Cali.
refers directly to Cesar Chavez's successful efforts to unionize farm workers through the creation of National Farm Workers Association
Founded El Teatro Campesino; wrote Zoot Suit
produced by Luis Valdez
a play that exposes the police brutality and injustices faced by the Chicano community during the trials and sleepy lagoon trials
David P. Bradley
"Indian Country Today"
The commercialization of native tradition is the real subject of his painting
"Rebellious Silence" from the series "Women of allah"
she wears a Chador which they believe concels women's sexuality, preventing them from becoming a sexual object
Chador also expresses women's solidarity with men in the rejection of Western Culture
shows the Islamic world's inability to separate beliefs that focus on religion and spirituality from those that concern politics and violence
Pleasure Pillars (miniature painting)
explores the tensions inherent in Islams's encounter with the western world, Christianity, and the neighboring south Asian tradition of Hinduism
east vs west
Minetta Lane - A Ghost Story
a recreation of 3 buildings showing an artist, lovers, old man represents the parts of us we have lost- our youth
(often makes videos of everyday activities)
By Janine Antoni
she appears to be walking on the horizon, an illusion created by walking on tightrope
the horizon represents what is always in front of us
The Weather Project
installation view at the tate modern, London
big sun reflected off mirrors
What is chaos theory?
the primary theoretical principles of postmodern thought (and what produced a clear demonstration of this)
the growing conviction that meaning resides not in the work itself but in its audience,together w the understanding that the audience is diverse (meaning is always plural)
deconstruction poses meaning as
an arena of endless and open possibility
what did jacques derrida write?
looks particularly at the opposition speech/writing
who came up with the idea "the different whole"
why did benoit mandelbrot pursue fractual geometry?
it was able to describe most things in nature, exhibit a different order of complexity than the traditional building blocks of geometry
Invented the butterfly effect.
Small changes can make all the difference.
What did the Human Genome Project do?
determined a structural sequence of the 3 nil chemical base pairs that make up human DNA
Gerhard Richter photographic painting are the very antithesis of
"Charles the First"
pen-name is "SAMO"
and associated w a three point crown and the word TAR (evoking racism and violence)
You might also like...
Architecture - American -1
Art History 290 Exam 3
Patti Shanks EXAM 4
Other sets by this creator
Digital Audio Midterm
JJJ Digital Audio Midterm
Other Quizlet sets
SS Lesson 2 Essays, Social Studies Quiz Hints
Antibiotics Lecture II
Anatomy and Physiology #1 section 2
DC US History Final Study Guide