Film As Lit Midterm
Terms in this set (62)
one image shot by one camera in one take, the basic film unit.
A series of shots edited together to depict one event.
two figures/ people in shot.
one figure/ person in shot
scene viewed from no characters point of view
scene viewed from a character's point of view
windows, doorways, arches, etc., that create framing devices within a shot.
the arrangement and movement of actors in relation to each other within the mise-en-scene
field in the shot that is closet to the viewer
field that is between the foreground and background.
field that is farthest from viewer.
face, object fills the frame, greatly limiting viewer's field of vision; there is also the extreme close up.
usually a CS that reveals the emotions on a character's face.
subject shown within some background content, usually figure shown from waist up.
Over the shoulder
look over one characters shoulder into the face of another character
subject shown with full background context; there is also the extreme long shot.
sets the scene or shows the space of a scene; often a long shot or series of shots.
camera placed below the subject, usually makes the subject look powerful
camera placed above subject, usually makes subject look dwarfed, less powerful.
accounts for 90 to 95 percent of the shots seen because it is most natural. camera is even with the key character's eyes.
shot that is tilted sideways on the horizontal line. used to add tension to a static frame, it creates a sinister or distorted view of a character.
Birds eye view
subject viewed form directly over head.
Worms eye view
subject viewed from directly underneath, rare.
Scene/subject is bathed in intense, unflattering light
scene/subject is bathed in reflected, flattering light.
The scene is flooded with shadows and darkness, creating suspense or suspicion.
high key lighting
The scene is flooded with light, creating a bright and open-looking scene.
neither bright nor dark-even lighting throughout the shot.
direct lighting from below or from one side. often dangerous or evil looking, may convey split personality or moral ambiguity.
soft, direct lighting on face or back of subject. may suffuse innocence, creates halo effect.
intensification of a specific color within a shot.
Colors are drained for effect within a shot.
The five principles of mise-en-scene
Framing, arrangement, placement, lighting, color.
camera follows subject horizontally through space, sometimes held by hand, usually on wheels set into a track or mounted on a vehicle. Also called Dollying.
camera is somewhat shaky on purpose as it follows the action.
camera follows subject horizontally (back and forth) on a fixed base
camera, mounted on tripod, moves up or down Fromm a fixed base.
camera is lifted vertically through space to follow its subject from a birds eye view to close up or vice versa.
camera is stationary by the lens moves, making the subjects appear to grow larger or smaller.
camera is spun on its axis to create a dizzying effect. often used as a type of cut/transition between scenes.
when a director shifts the focus from one object to another in the same shot.
when a director intentionally puts his or her object slightly out of focus to make the image look softer or unclear
when the foreground and background are equally in focus
only the foreground is in focus
assembly of shots intended to condense or expand time or develop a theme or convey an idea through complicit juxtaposition of shots. Rapid cutting to produce an emotional reaction in the viewer. Ofter accompanied by music
linear style of editing in which shots flow smoothly from one shot to the next. "Invisible" editing.
editing transition going two shots together without any optical effect. maintains a visual and narrative continuity.
Fad in/Fade out
image moves to black and a second image emerges from black.
first shot fades as a second image emerges on the screen; there is a momentary overlapping of images.
cutting between storylines within a narrative; also known as parallel editing.
two images overlap and are held for an extended period of time.
one image is pulled across the screen to revel a second image.
a cut from one object to another that is similarly shaped.
cut from one object/shot to the next that matches the next one.
cut from one object another completely different object which suggest a symbolic relationship between the two.
one shot cuts between the two characters interacting with one another
cut between one shot of character looking to a specific point of what they are seeing.
sound that can be heard by the characters within the film, or just within the mind of a character.
sound that could not be heard by characters, sound given directly to the audience.
sound that matches the action
sound that doesn't match the action, symbolism.
sound that carries over from one scene to another-it bridges two scenes.
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