Terms in this set (50)

  • 10th Amendment
    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
  • Ambassadors
    the highest-ranking person who represents his or her own government while living in another country
  • Amend
    to change some of the words and often the meaning of (a law, document, etc.)
  • Annual budget
    Any budget that is prepared for a 12-month period. An annual budget outlines both the income and expenditures that are expected to be received and paid over the coming year
  • Bicameral
    (of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers.
  • Biennial budget
    is the practice of preparing and adopting budgets for two-year periods. Nine bills to convert to biennial budgeting have been introduced in the 100th Congress.
  • Bills
    a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion.
  • Board of Supervisors
    a county governing board in many states of the U.S. often having as many as 50 members elected proportionally from the county's cities, towns, townships, or wards
  • Cabinet officers
    The Cabinet of the United States is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments.
  • City Council
    A city council, town council, town board or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality or local government area.
  • Chamber
    a usually large room where members of a government group (such as a legislature) have meetings
  • Cloture
    (in a legislative assembly) a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote. "a cloture motion"
  • Committee
    a group of people appointed for a specific function, typically consisting of members of a larger group. "the housing committee"
  • Conference Committee
    A conference committee is a committee of the Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill.
  • Conference report
    In the United States Congress, a conference report refers to the final version of a bill that is negotiated between the House of Representatives and the Senate via conference committee. It is printed and submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
  • Congress
    the national legislative body of a country; National level
  • Constituent
    being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect. "the constituent body has a right of veto"
  • Debate
    a formal discussion on a particular topic in a public meeting or legislative assembly, in which opposing arguments are put forward.
  • Executive
    having the power to put plans, actions, or laws into effect. "an executive chairman"
  • Express powers
    Those powers of Congress specifically listed in the Constitution.
  • Federal court
    The Supreme Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear disputes between different states -- meaning that no other federal court can hear such a dispute.
  • Federal judges
    The primary function of the federal judges is to resolve matters brought before the United States federal courts. Most federal courts in the United States are courts of general jurisdiction, meaning that they hear both civil and criminal cases falling within their jurisdiction.
  • Federal law
    Federal law is the body of law created by the federal government of a country. A federal government is formed when a group of political units, such as states or provinces join together in a federation, surrendering their individual sovereignty and many powers to the central government while retaining or reserving other limited powers. As a result, two or more levels of government exist within an established geographic territory. The body of law of the common central government is the federal law.
  • Filibuster
    an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures. "it was defeated by a Senate filibuster in June"
  • General assembly
    The General Assembly is the world's forum for discussing matters affecting world peace and security, and for making recommendations concerning them. It has no power to enforce decisions. It is composed of the 51 original member nations and those admitted since, totaling 192.
  • Governor
    the elected executive head of a state of the US.
  • House of Delegates
    the lower house of the state legislature in Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia
  • House of Representatives
    House of Representatives definition. The lower house of the United States Congress. With 435 popularly elected officials, the House (as it is often called) is the most representative body in the federal government.
  • Implied powers
    In the case of the United States government, implied powers are the powers exercised by Congress which are not explicitly given by the Constitution itself but necessary and proper to execute the powers which are.
  • Interest groups
    An interest group is an organization of people with similar policy goals who enter the political process to try to achieve those aims. Interest groups pursue their goals in many arenas. Interest groups differ from political parties in that they do not run their own slate of candidates.
  • Judicial
    of, by, or appropriate to a court or judge. "a judicial inquiry into the allegations"
  • Laws
    the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties.
  • Lawmaking process
    One who makes or enacts laws; a legislator. Also called lawgiver.
  • Legislative branch
    Parliamentary procedure is the body of rules, ethics, and customs governing meetings and other operations of clubs, organizations, legislative bodies, and other deliberative assemblies. ...
  • Local legislature
    Special legislation is a legal term of art used in the United States which refers to acts of a state legislature which apply only to part of a class—a particular person, thing, or locale within a given class.
  • Majority
    the greater number. "in the majority of cases all will go smoothly"
  • National government
    (politics) the politicians that make up the government that run the country as a whole (as opposed to local government)
  • Ordinance
    a piece of legislation enacted by a municipal authority. "a city ordinance banned smoking in nearly all types of restaurants"
  • Override
    use one's authority to reject or cancel (a decision, view, etc.). "the legislature's insistence on overriding his budget vetoes"
  • Pocket veto
    an indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
  • President
    the elected head of a republican state.
  • Responsibilites
    the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone.
  • Senate
    any of various legislative or governing bodies, in particular.
  • Standing committee
    a permanent committee that meets regularly.
  • State legislation
    (State legislator) A state legislature is a legislative branch or body of a political subdivision in a federal system. ...
  • State legislature
    Every state except Nebraska has a bicameral legislature, meaning that the legislature consists of two separate legislative chambers or houses. In each case the smaller chamber is called the Senate and is usually referred to as the upper house.
  • Testinomy
    a formal written or spoken statement, esp. one given in a court of law.
  • U.S. Constitution
    Constitution, United States definition. A document that embodies the fundamental laws and principles by which the United States is governed
  • Veto
    a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body. "the legislature would have a veto over appointments to key posts
  • Virginia Constitution
    The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia is the document that defines and limits the powers of the state government and the basic rights of the citizens of the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia.