Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

What are the six steps of differential diagnosis?

Rule out Substance Abuse Etiology, Rule out Etiology due to General Medical Condition, Determine the Specific Primary Disorder, Differentiate Adjustment Disorder from appropriate NOS category, Establish the Boundary with no Mental Disorder, and Rule out Factitious Disorder or Malingering.

What does DSM-IV-TR stand for?

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision

What are the five axes of diagnosis for the DSM-IV-TR?

Clinical Disorders, Personality Disorders & MR, Medical Conditions, Psychosocial & environmental problems, and GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning Scale)

Is the DSM categorical or dimensional? Are disorders homogenous or heterogeneous?

Categorical, heterogenous

What is a mental disorder?

a mental disorder is conceptualized as a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress, disability, or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.

Is it possible to have a medical condition, substance abuse, and primary disorder occurring all at one time? How would you indicate this using the DSM?

Yes. Use the NOS (Not Otherwise Specified) category to indicate multiple concurrent etiologies.

Can you rely only upon a psychological test to arrive at a DSM diagnosis? Why or why not?

No. Psychological tests do not cover the criteria content (the specific criteria for a DSM diagnosis).

Does the DSM encompass all mental conditions patients may be treated for?

No. The DSM is meant to serve as guidelines to be used in conjunction with clinical judgment.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording