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Nutrition Midterm 2
Terms in this set (46)
enzymes released from the pancreas, responsible for protein digestion are referred to as?
the best estimate for the amount of protein required for nearly all adults is _________ g/kg/day
kwashiorkor results from a deficiency in:
which of the following is true about basal metabolism?
it represents about 60 percent to 70 percent of total calories used by an inactive person during each day to stay alive
the major fat-digesting enzyme is
orlistat (xenical) is a medication approved by the FDA for weight loss that reduces body fat by
reducing fat digestion in the small intestine
which of the following is/are associated with the function(s) of omega 6 fatty acids in our body?
A and B
- constricts blood vessels
- increased inflamamation
the distribution of upper body fat (apple shape) is influenced the most by which of the following?
t or f? michigan is a bad football team
fat-soluble vitamins provide our bodies with ____ calories/gram
cholesterol is found in all of the following except
the childhood disease rickets is due to a deficiency of
drying of the cornea due to vitamin A deficiency is called
vitamin K is essential in the synthesis of:
a(n) __________ is made up of a glycerol backbone with three fatty acids.
osteomalacia is a softening of the bones occurring in adults and may result from a deficiency of which vitamin?
fats and oils provide _____ kcal/gram
a daily defect of 1000 kilocalories/day should result in a weight loss of about how many pounds per week (7 days)?
the chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbohydrates or fasts is
which of the following is NOT true regarding lower-body obesity?
associated with a greater health risk compared to upper-body obesity
which lipoprotein is responsible for delivering cholesterol from the liver to various cells in the body?
most lipids are transported in thee blood as part of a structure called a(n)
hydrogenation can produce what kinds of fat?
trans fatty acids
which of the following is/are true regarding beta-carotene?
all of the above are true
- found mostly in yellow and orange fruits and vegetables
- can be converted to vitamin A in the body
- considered a precursor form of vitamin A
statin drugs are used to inhibit the synthesis of _______ in our body.
the basic building block of a protein is called a(n)
globally, a deficiency in this fat-soluble vitamin is still a major nutritional problem
deposition of calcium and phosphorus in thee bones is influenced by
if a food does not contain the necessary amounts of amino acid to meet our bodies need, that amino acid is a(n):
limiting amino acid
if the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action?
protein synthesis will be limited
all the following can be formed from cholestererol except?
which of the following is/are associated with a vitamin A deficiency?
all of the above
- night blindness
- stunting of growth
- higher risk for infections
vitamin D and vitamin K share which of the following characteristics?
both can be synthesized to some extent in the body
a health weight loss program would include all of the following except
rate loss of 3-4 lbs/week
a saturated fatty acid contains
0 double bonds
which of the following vitamins is useful in the treatment of acne?
___________ is a type of malnutrition that results primarily from not consuming enough proteins and calories.
which vitamin can be synthesized from intestinal bacteria?
none of the above
a highly active form of this vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, is associated with causing potential birth defects?
___ white muscle disease
___ linoleic acid
___ bile acid
a. essential fatty acid
b. aids in protein digestion
c. blocks vitamin K function
d. aids in fat digestion
e. can result from vitamin E deficiency
e. white muscle disease
a. linoleic acid
d. bile acid
t or f? fat-soluble vitamins do not need to be consumed daily to prevent deficiency.
t or f? vitamin K is routinely given to newborns at birth to aid in the clotting of blood.
t or f? studies suggest that identical twins who are raised in separate environments, tend to have similar body weights.
t or f? cholesterol is an essential nutrient.
t or f? increased consumption of omega 3 fatty acids may be associated with decreased inflammation our bodies.
t or f? golden rice has been developed to help reduce vitamin E deficiency worldwide.
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