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CLP 4374 - Psychotherapy Exam 4
Terms in this set (95)
During the solution-focused initial therapy session, it is common for solution-focused therapists to ask, "What have you done since you called for the appointment that has made a difference in your problem?" This describes:
The post modern view incorporates all of the following except for the notion that:
reality is objectively defined
In the view of the post modern therapists, the most essential element of therapy is:
the collaborative therapeutic relationship
Of the following, what is an interest that social constructionists tend to share?
generating new meaning in the lives of individuals
All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for:
using the reflecting team
In the solution oriented approach, which of the following is not considered one of the three basic parts to the structure of summary feedback?
solution focused brief therapy has parallel with _____, which concentrated on what is right and working for people rather than dwelling on deficits, weaknesses, and problems
T/F: Solution focused therapists often use scaling questions.
T/F: Assessment and therapy techniques are more important than empathy to a social constructionist.
T/F: In post-modern thinking, language and the use of languages in stories create meaning.
A main task of the narrative therapist is to help a client construct a:
T/F: The use of techniques is fundamental in narrative therapy.
T/F: Narrative therapists pay significant attention to a client's past as it helps them understand the origins of the client's story.
T/F: Narrative therapy has been effectively applied in school settings.
T/F: In solution-focused therapy, "exceptions" represent instances when a particular problem in a client's life was not prominent.
T/F: The solution-focused approach was originally designed as a brief model of psychotherapy.
T/F: In social constructionism, the therapist assumes the role of an expert, rather than adopting a collaborative or consultative stance.
T/F: All social constructionist emphasizes listening to clients without judgement or blame, and affirming and valuing them.
A solution-oriented therapist might ask her client, a compulsive shopper, which of the following questions?
If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different?
Social constructionism explains how values are transmitted through language by the social milieu and suggests that individuals are constantly changing with the ebb and flow of the influences of all of the following except:
From a social constructionist perspective, change begins with:
deconstructing the power of cultural narratives
Narrative therapists pay attention to "sparking moment." These are:
instances when the problem did not completely dominate the client's life
Family therapy perspectives call for a conceptual shift from evaluating individuals to focusing on:
From the family systems perspective, symptoms are often viewed as:
an expression of a set of habits and patterns within a family
A major contribution of Bowen's therapy is the notion of:
differentiation of the self
A couple directs the focus of their energy toward a problematic son as a way to avoid facing or dealing with their own conflicts. This is an example of:
The opposite of a differentiated self is experienced as:
A limitation of the family systems model is:
therapists all too often get lost in their consideration of the "system"
T/F: There is a trend in the field of family therapy toward rejecting an integrative model of practice
We create, maintain, and live by often ____ that we hope will keep the family functional
unspoken rules and routines
Which approach assumes that a family can be best understood when it is analyzed from at least a three generational perspective?
Bowenian family therapy
T/F: Understanding the family process is almost always facilitated by "how" questions
T/F: Family therapists are wise to consider Westerns models of family functioning as universal
T/F: The role of family therapists is being in charge of the session
T/F: Family systems therapy can be used when working with individual clients.
T/F: Families are multilayered systems that both affect and are affected by the larger systems in which they are embedded.
The concept of triangulation is most associated with:
What is the technique in family therapy that casts a new light on a problem and provides a different interpretation from a problematic situation?
The systems perspective implies:
individuals are best understood through the context of their role in their family.
By the late 1970s, the most used model in family systems therapy are:
structural strategic approaches
When ___ occurs a ripple effect flows throughout the family system
A tool for collecting and organizing key relationships in a three-generational extended family is a:
In working with a triangulated family, Bowen would be inclined to place primary emphasis on:
maintaining a stance in neutrality
In structural strategic family therapy, ___ must occur in a family before an individual's symptoms can be reduced or eliminated.
Feminism, multiculturalism, and postmodern social constructionism have all entered the family therapy field. These models are more collaborative, treating clients as:
the experts in their own lives
According to psychoanalytic therapy, human beings are:
Determined by psychic energy and early experiences.
Which of the following approaches to therapy focuses on the unique style of life we create at an early age?
Which of the following approaches is based on the premise that there are multiple realities and multiple truths?
The common factors approach to psychotherapy integration:
Searches for common elements across different theoretical systems.
Which of the following approaches encourages therapists to accurately grasp the client's "being in the world"?
In which of the following approaches to therapy does the therapist become active and directive, functioning as a teacher or mentor for the client?
In psychoanalytic therapy, a technique of great importance is:
Which of the following approaches contends that the nature of the human condition includes self-awareness, freedom of choice, responsibility, and anxiety as basic elements?
Which of the following orientations avoids exploring problems, and instead, focuses on creating solutions in the present and the future?
Which of the following approaches consists of a simple and clear concept, and emphasizes the role of choice?
A key concept of Gestalt therapy is
Which of the following therapies emphasizes that a person's belief system is the cause of emotional problems?
Cognitive behavior therapy
Which of the following approaches to therapy most attempts to provide a growth-promoting climate that is conducive to a client's self exploration?
One of the major goals of reality therapy involves:
Helping people become more effective in meeting all of their psychological needs.
A limitation of person-centered therapy is:
the possible danger of the therapist remaining passive and inactive.
A limitation of existential therapy is its:
limited applicability to nonverbal clients.
A limitation of person-centered therapy:
the possible danger of the therapist remaining passive and inactive.
A limitation of Gestalt therapy is that it:
may neglect cognitive factors.
A limitation of behavior therapy is that it:
may change a behavior but not feelings
The __________ assesses the client's therapeutic progress through ratings of a client's personal experience of well-being in his or her individual, interpersonal, and social functioning.
Outcome Rating Scale
Regarding psychotherapy outcome, research shows:
no model of therapy has been proven more effective than another.
Which of the following approaches to integration refers to a conceptual creation by
Which of the following approaches is credited with an emphasis on assessment and evaluation?
Which of the following approaches recognized the need for a subjective approach based on a complete view of the human condition?
One contribution of Adlerian therapy has been an emphasis on:
social and psychological factors
Which of the following approaches to therapy puts an emphasis on direct experiencing and doing?
A limitation of psychoanalytic therapy is that
The model stresses biological and instinctual factors to the neglect of social, cultural, and interpersonal ones.
The negative impact of discrimination and oppression for both men and women has surfaced as a result of:
Which of the following therapies is a pragmatic approach based on empirical validation of results?
Which of the following approaches to therapy is especially well suited for the initial phases of crisis intervention work?
Which of the following approaches is least likely to be applied to short-term crisis intervention?
Existential therapy can be especially helpful for:
individuals facing a transition in life.
One contribution of psychoanalytic therapy has been its:
detailed and comprehensive description of personality structure and functioning.
Person-centered therapy puts faith in the client's:
capacity for self direction
Adlerian therapy emphasizes the individual's:
development of a unique lifestyle
Which of the following approaches would contend that normal personality development depends on the successful resolution of specific stages of development?
An Adlerian therapist would:
Establish a cooperative relationship based on equality.
In which therapy approach is the client viewed as the expert on his or her own life, while the therapist is seen as an expert questioner who assists clients in freeing themselves of their problem-saturated stories and create new life-affirming stories?
One of the techniques used by behavior therapists in dealing with a client's anxiety is:
The technique of intensifying experiences and integrating conflicting feelings is associated with:
Which of the following approaches to therapy stresses the attitude of the therapist over the use of techniques?
Empowerment and egalitarianism are the basis of the _______ therapeutic relationship.
Which of the following approaches most emphasizes principles of learning?
Which is not a key concept of feminist therapy?
women's problems are viewed from an intrapsychic perspective
Which approach offers encouragement so individuals can develop socially useful goals and increase social interest?
Which of the following approaches places emphasis on challenging clients to recognize that they are responsible for events that they formerly thought were happening to them?
One of the goals of feminist therapy is to:
Bring about transformation both in the individual client and society.
Which of the following approaches to therapy focuses on eliminating maladaptive behaviors?
Which statement most closely reflects the philosophy of feminist therapy?
Constructs of feminist therapy include being gender-fair, flexible, interactionist, and life-span oriented.
What is the current thinking in the field regarding the role of spirituality in counseling?
There is growing evidence that spiritual practice is therapeutically relevant
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