SHROOMS 2nd Midterm Exam
Terms in this set (45)
The use of fungi in food and drink production was developed in Medieval Europe
All edible fungi produce mushrooms
Plant disease epidemics never happen in natural ecosystems unless disturbed by humans
Soy sauce used cultures of Aspergillus to break down protein at the beginning of the fermentative process
The first fermentative beverages were developed about 1000 years ago
All yeast reproduce by budding
Most milk products can be fermented to high ethanol content
Bananas are popular fruit to ferment in tropical areas
Most fruit will ferment into very stable and palatable wines without having to add other ingredients
Most taxonomic systems are based upon structures involved in sexual reproduction
Filamentous molds used in food processing are not to be eaten and must be cut off
In order to ferment grain, the starch must first be converted into sugar
In order to find truffles underground, pigs or dogs are used to sniff them out and reveal their location
The spores contained in mushrooms are sexual spores (produced by meiosis)
The country with the highest volume of commercial mushroom production is France
Most plant pathogens are in this group of fungi...
Slime molds, which aren't true fungi, are in this group of organisms...
Bipolar is bisporus is a member of this group of fungi...
Most of the large mushrooms are in this group of organisms...
Fungi used in the production of the soy product tempeh are in this group of fungi...
The mold sprayed on the outside of salami during fermentation is from this group of fungi...
The only true fungi known to possess flagella are in this group...
The fungus that causes ergot of rue is from this group of fungi...
Fairy rings in lawns are commonly produced by fungi in this group...
The fungus used int eh production of blue cheese is in this group of fungi...
Most yeasts, including brewer's yeast, are in this group of fungi...
The first fermentation in the production of sake in due to a fungus from this group...
The pathogens that cause the rust disease of plants are in this group of fungi...
Truffles and morrels are in this group of fungi...
The cause of the Irish potato famine is in this group of organisms...
A type of wine made from agave sap. Can later be distilled into tequila.
This term refers to disease of animals following consumption of toxic fungal sclerotia.
This is a type of yeast growth whereby the individual daughter cells remain attached to the mother cells and appear as a filament.
The inoculation material used to start the fungus growing on compost for mushroom production is known as this.
This is a type of bread in which yeast had produced carbon dioxide gas that causes it to rise and be fluffy.
This is the method in which most yeast reproduce asexually.
This term applies to an organism that can grow in two different ways, as a yeast or as a filament.
A polyphenol found in red wines and is reported to have many health attributes including antioxidant activity.
This is a disease caused by the toxin made by Clostridium bacteria when they grow anaerobically in spoiled food. The disease can often be fatal.
Very popular wines made from the fermentation of pears are known as these types of wines.
This is a natural complex of enzymes produced in the mammalian stomach to digest mother's milk, and is used in the production of cheese.
This term refers to the process by which the starch in barley, wheat, or rye is converted into fermentable sugar.
This is an alcoholic beverage made from fermenting honey.
This is a type of yeast that ferments at high temperatures and produces many complex flavor components.
This fungus is living in symbiosis with a plant and is intimately connected with the plant roots.