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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 18 Cold War Conflicts + Chapter 19 The Postwar Boom
Test is Today 3/26/2014
Terms in this set (52)
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Communist nations in Eastern Europe on friendly terms with the USSR and thought of as under the USSR's control
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; 10 Western European democracies joined with the US and Canada and formed a defensive military alliance
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
An island east of mainland China where Chiang Kai-shek and the rest of the Chinese government fled after being defeated by the Communists.
Dividing line between North and South Korea
(1950-3), The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
a list of people who are out of favor
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Husband and wife tried/excuted for treason under suspecision of communist influence and trading atomic bomb secrets with the Soviet Union
hydrogen bomb invented in 1950's, MORE powerful than atomic bomb, example of Cold War arms race
34th U.S. President. 1953-1961. Republican
John Foster Dallas
secretary of state under Eisenhower, believed that you should do everything to stop communism
A 1956 term used by Secretary of State John Dulles to describe a policy of risking war in order to protect national interests
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
A Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also famous for denouncing Stalin and allowed criticism of Stalin within Russia.
Francis Gary Powers
Pilot of an American U-2 spy plane
The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
Residential areas surrounding a city. Shops and businesses moved there as well as people.
Truman pulled out an unlikely victory due to intense stumping, despite what you may have read in the Chicago Tribune
southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party.
An economic extension of the New Deal proposed by Harry Truman that called for higher minimum wage, housing and full employment. It led only to the Housing Act of 1949 and the Social Security Act of 1950 due to opposition in congress.
Brown v. Board of Education
Are segregated schools legal?
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
A business established or operated under an authorization to sell or distribute a company's goods or services in a particular area
Ba-da-ba-ba-ba! Milkshake salesman that turned a small eatery into the McDonalds mega-franchise
30 million war babies were born between 1942 and 1950.
Dr. Jonas Salk
Developer of a vaccine to prevent polio
Forms of communication, such as newspapers and radio, that reach millions of people.
(Federal Communications Commission) regulates the television and radio industry, grants licenses to television and radio stations, and blocks monopolies.
Golden Age of Television
The period of time from approximately 1949 to 1960, marked by the proliferation of original and classic dramas produced for live television., late 1940s-1958, consisted of genres + programs w/ radio success, "liveness", anthology dramas, aimed at urban audiences/urban themes, ad agencies = program providers, single sponsorship, ended w/ Quiz Show Scandals
most watched TV show in the 1950's, a social and artistic movement of the 1950's stressing unrestrained literary self expression and nonconformity with the mainstream culture
Rock n' Roll
became a popular music genre in the fifties with the introduction of Elvis Presley
working and middle-class white people move away from racial-minority suburbs or inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men and women were gone from home during World War II that there weren't enough workers.
1953 gov eliminated economic support for native americans, stopped reservation system, redistributed tribal support
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