Renaissance and Reformation Vocab
Terms in this set (27)
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; famous works include the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
A painting by Leonardo da Vinci of a woman with a mysterious smile; painted around 1505
Paintings made on wet plaster walls
Attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
(1475-1564) An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David.
A Catholic church in Vatican City, Italy. Its ceiling was painted by the Renaissance artist Michelangelo.
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
16th century German monk and professor who is considered to be the person who started the Protestant Reformation; he began by criticizing Church practices (mainly indulgences) and ultimately broke with the Catholic Church to form his own new religious faith
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
1509-1564. French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.
(verb) to expel from membership in a church
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements rather than just religion
A mechanical device for transferring text or graphics from a woodblock or type to paper using ink. Presses using movable type first appeared in Europe in about 1450.
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
(1254-1324) Italian explorer and author. He made numerous trips to China and returned to Europe to write of his journeys. He is responsible for much of the knowledge exchanged between Europe and China during this time period.
(1564 - 1616) English poet and playwright considered one of the greatest writers of the English language; works include Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet.
Developed the first modern theory of a sun-centered universe (heliocentric theory)
Corpernicus's theory that the sun was the center of the universe
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
Queen Elizabeth I
Ruled England for 50 years and was one of the most successful monarchs in English History. She supported the arts, increased the treasury, supported the exploration of the New World, built up the military, and established the Church of England as the main religion in England
(adj.) open and responsive to ideas or suggestions
People of this profession traded along routes to southern Asia, southwest Asia, Africa, and Europe.
A movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be
An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface.
Calvin's religious theory that God has already planned out a person's life.
A way to pay for forgiveness in the Church by purchasing it with money or goods.
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