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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Manifest Destiny and the Growing Nation
Terms in this set (30)
What is the name given to the belief that the United States had the right and duty to expand across the North American continent?
One way the United States did not acquire land was through...
Which two countries claimed the Louisiana Territory?
France and Spain
How did the Louisiana Purchase affect the United States?
It doubled the nation's size
What was one reason the United States wanted to acquire Florida?
to end raids on Georgia farms
Why did some northerners oppose the annexation of Texas?
Texas allowed slavery
Which event occurred before Stephen F. Austin started a colony?
Mexico declared it's independence
Why did the Tejanos resent the Americans settling in Texas?
They were settling illeaglly
What was a campaign slogan in President Polk's 1844 campaign?
"All of Oregon or none!"
What was an incentive for settlers to travel to Oregon Country?
What was the Mexican policy towards slavery in 1830?
It was illegal
What was one of the reasons for the Mexican-American war?
the annexation of Texas
How was Mexico affected by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
It decreased its territory by half.
How did people describe President Polk?
He wanted the United States to increase its territory.
What was the opinion of those who opposed the expansion of the United States?
The United States bullied its weaker neighbors
What was gained through the Gadsden Purchase of 1853?
a good railroad route to California
Why were the city of New Orleans and the Mississippi River important to farmers in the early 1800s?
They depended on the river to get their crops to port in New Orleans where they would be sent to markets in Europe and the East Coast.
What was Napoleon's plan for Louisiana?
Napoleon wanted to settle the area with farmers who would supply food for slaves in the Caribbean.
Why were American farmers alarmed by Napoleon's plan for Louisiana?
The farmers feared that if the port of New Orleans were closed to Americans, they would not be able to get their crops to market.
How much was the Louisiana Purchase?
Why was Napoleon willing to make this deal with the United States?
The slaves in Haiti revolted and overthrew the government and France was about to enter into war with the British.
What did President Monroe order Andrew Jackson to do in 1818?
Ordered Jackson to chase raiding Seminole Indians back to Florida but not to invade
What did Andrew Jackson do instead of following President Monroe's orders?
Jackson invaded Florida, captured military forts, executed two British subjects fro stirring up Indian attacks and replaced the Spanish governor.
Explain the deal that the United States made with Spain in 1819 to end the conflict over Florida.
Spain agreed to leave Florida. The United States agreed to pay $5 million in settlers' claims and to honor Spain's claim to Texas.
What happened to Texas in 1845?
Texas became a part of the United States
What agreement did Great Britain and the United States make in the 1820s concerning Oregon?
Great Britain and the United States agreed to a peaceful joint occupation of Oregon.
Why was Oregon called a "pioneer's paradise"?
Weather was always sunny, no diseases, trees grew thick, free farms and one even said that pigs are running in the forest.
What did James Polk mean when he declared "Fifty-four forty or fight!" in the 1844 presidential campaign?
Polk wanted the United States to have the entire Oregon Country and was willing to fight Britain for it.
Why did President Polk think the Mexican government might want to sell California and New Mexico?
Because California and New Mexico were thinly settled and neglected by the Mexican government
Why did the United States buy the Gadsden Purchase in 1853?
Railroad builders wanted this flat piece of land to build a new route across the nation.
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