SS.7.C.2.4 Bill of Rights
Terms in this set (31)
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution
cruel and unusual punishment
punishment not allowed; includes torture or other forms of punishment too severe for the crime committed. Ex: Death Penalty
the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried
Steps that must be followed so that the law is fairly applied. Ex: Miranda Rights
the right of the government to take private property for public use, with fair compensation.
equal protection under the law
a guarantee under the 14th Amendment that a state must treat a citizen the same as it treats other citizens.
5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition
pleading the fifth
right to remain silent
right to bear arms
the idea in the Second Amendment that people have an individual right to own and carry weapons
right to legal counsel
the right to have a lawyer established by the 6th Amendment.
search and seizure
the process by which police who suspect that a crime has been committed do a search of a person's property and collect evidence related to the crime.
the right to vote
trial by jury
the right of a person accused of a crime to be tried by a jury, or group, of fellow citizens
those rights not specifically listed in the Constitution. Example: Privacy
freedom of speech
the right to express any opinions without censorship or restraint.
freedom of assembly
the right of the people to gather peacefully and to petition government
freedom of religion
the right to have any religious beliefs you want or no religious beliefs at all
petition the government
express your ideas to the government
freedom of press
right to express our views in print
A change to the Constitution
whether or not something is legal under the U.S. Constitution
a group of peers chosen to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law
an individual's right to prohibit personal information from being divulged to the public
rights of the accused
protected rights of those accused of a crime, such as: no unreasonable search and seizure, no double jeopardy, right to an attorney, no self incrimination.
giving evidence about yourself that could lead to you being found guilty of a crime
not permitted by the Constitution
a court decision in an earlier case with facts and similar to those in a case currently before a court
an action that expresses an idea
the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation.
a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation.
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