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Human Geography Vocab Unit 10
Terms in this set (55)
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
A business that sells its products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
a service that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
carbon capture and storage (CCS)
The process of capturing waste CO2, transporting it to a storage site, and depositing it where it will not enter the atmosphere, normally underground.
An area delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods.
Central Business District (CBD)
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit known as a municipality.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Clustered rural settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
In the United States, two or more contiguous CBSAs tied together by commuting patterns.
Concentric Zone Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
a service that primarily meets the needs of individual consumers, including retail, education, health, and leisure services
The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery.
Dispersed rural settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
A community's collection of basic industries.
A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
a process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment
An area that has a substantial amount of low-income residents and has poor access to a grocery store, defined in most cases as further than 1 mile.
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services (also known as the market area)
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services (also known as hinterland)
A continuous urban complex in the northeastern United States
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
In the United States, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
Multiple Nuclei Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
A business that sells its products primarily to consumers in the same settlement
A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
a city that is the largest settlement in a country and has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Government-owned housing rented to low-income individual, with rents set at 30 percent of the tenant's income.
a service offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Range (of a service)
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
a process by which financial institutions draw red-colored lines on a map and refuse to lend money
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
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Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.
Social area analysis
Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background, and life style live within an urban area.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
A residential or commercial area situated within an urban area but outside the central city
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
The minimum number of people needed to support the service
A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
A central city and its surrounding built-up suburbs
In the United States, an urban area with between 2,500 and 50,000 inhabitants
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
In the United States, an urban area with at least 50,000 inhabitants.
A law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of development in a community.
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