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Declaration of Rights
Similar to the Bill of Rights; lists the rights of citizens of North Carolina including the right to a free, basic education
Legislative branch of the state; similar to the US Congress; bicameral - House and Senate; approves the state budget
Term length for the governor
4 years (limited to two consecutive (back to back) terms just like the president)
Powers of the Lieutenant Governor
Presides over the state senate and votes in case of a tie; takes over for the governor if necessary (succession)
Department of Health and Human Services
Oversees public expenditures; the largest expenditure of the state
NC District Court
NC trial court that handles misdemeanors, juvenile law, divorce and other family law, and civil cases less than $10,000
NC Superior Court
NC trial court that handles more serious cases such as felonies and civil cases involving more than $10,000
NC Court of Appeals
Hears most of the appeals from the state's trial courts; made up of three judges called panels
Board of County Commissioners
The major governing body of counties; members are elected; make county laws, approve county budgets, and set county tax rates
Recommends a budget for the County Commissioners and helps with day to day operations
Elected; highest law enforcement officer in the county; oversee the jail, provides courthouse security, transports prisoners
Services provided by counties
Community colleges, elections, jails, mental health services, public health services, public schools, court facilities
Means that the state has declared that a specific area is a municipality and has given it a charter.
Process of bringing unincorporated land and its residents into an existing municipality; how a city expands its borders; municipal governments in NC can annex adjacent areas even if the people living in those areas don't want to be annexed
Services provided by municipalities
Cemeteries, electric and gas systems, sidewalks, street lighting, streets, traffic control, urban development
Local government tax on the value of property - vehicles, real estate, etc.; number one source of revenue for a county
Money that local governments receive from the federal government and the state; most of it goes to pay for healthcare, housing and education
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