How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

57 terms

Goal 3 - State and Local Government

STUDY
PLAY
Preamble
States the purpose of the Constitution
Declaration of Rights
Similar to the Bill of Rights; lists the rights of citizens of North Carolina including the right to a free, basic education
General Assembly
Legislative branch of the state; similar to the US Congress; bicameral - House and Senate; approves the state budget
Statutes
State laws
Length of term for members of the General Assembly
2 years
Governor
Head of the executive branch in the state of North Carolina
Lieutenant Governor
2nd highest official in the executive branch in the state of North Carolina
Legislative Leader
Can veto laws passed by the General Assembly
Commander in Chief
Leader of the state militia (the national guard)
Economic Leader
Prepares the state's budget
Chief Executive
Carries out the laws
Commute
As judicial leader the governor can reduce a criminal's sentence
Term length for the governor
4 years (limited to two consecutive (back to back) terms just like the president)
Powers of the Lieutenant Governor
Presides over the state senate and votes in case of a tie; takes over for the governor if necessary (succession)
Council of State
Elected; help the governor decide how to spend tax money on various programs
Cabinet
Appointed advisors of the governor who help her carry out policy
Department of Health and Human Services
Oversees public expenditures; the largest expenditure of the state
Department of Corrections
Runs the prison and parole system - or the release of prisoners
Department of Transportation
Plans, builds, and maintains NC's roads, bridges, ferries, buses, etc.
NC District Court
NC trial court that handles misdemeanors, juvenile law, divorce and other family law, and civil cases less than $10,000
NC Superior Court
NC trial court that handles more serious cases such as felonies and civil cases involving more than $10,000
NC Court of Appeals
Hears most of the appeals from the state's trial courts; made up of three judges called panels
NC Supreme Court
The highest court in the state; hears appeals of all death penalty sentences
State Judges
Elected in non-partisan elections
Board of County Commissioners
The major governing body of counties; members are elected; make county laws, approve county budgets, and set county tax rates
County Manager
Recommends a budget for the County Commissioners and helps with day to day operations
Register of Deeds
Keeps records of land ownership, marriages, births and deaths
Coroner
Examine suspicious causes of death
Sheriff
Elected; highest law enforcement officer in the county; oversee the jail, provides courthouse security, transports prisoners
School Board
Elected officials who determine educational policy in a county
Services provided by counties
Community colleges, elections, jails, mental health services, public health services, public schools, court facilities
Municipalities
Cities, towns, villages
Incorporation
Means that the state has declared that a specific area is a municipality and has given it a charter.
Charter
Outlines the basic rules for that municipal government
Annexation
Process of bringing unincorporated land and its residents into an existing municipality; how a city expands its borders; municipal governments in NC can annex adjacent areas even if the people living in those areas don't want to be annexed
City Council
Makes city policy, approves a city budget, makes city ordinances
Ordinance
Local laws
Zoning
Determines appropriate land use
Mayor
Presides over the city council; usually elected
City Manager
Proposes the budget for the city; advises city council on policy
Chief of Police
Top law enforcement official in a municipality; appointed by the city manager
Services provided by municipalities
Cemeteries, electric and gas systems, sidewalks, street lighting, streets, traffic control, urban development
Balanced
The NC budget must be this; required by NC state law
Sales Tax
Paid when people purchase goods and services in NC
Non-tax Revenue
Revenue generated by fines, license fees and permit fees
Corporate Income tax
Tax on the profits of businesses
Education
The number one state expenditure; public schools, community colleges and universities
Property Taxes
Local government tax on the value of property - vehicles, real estate, etc.; number one source of revenue for a county
Assessment
Determines the value of property of tax purposes
Intergovernmental Revenue
Money that local governments receive from the federal government and the state; most of it goes to pay for healthcare, housing and education
Fines
Money paid to state or local governments as punishment for violations
Licenses
Grant permission for a fee to engage in certain acts - hunting, marriage, etc
User Utility Fee
Payment for the use of a public service, such as water or trash collection
Permits
Grants permission for someone to permit a certain action, such as construction
Public Schools
Number on expenditure for counties
Utilities
Such as water and sewage systems are the number one expenditure for municipalities
Public Safety
Includes fire and police protection