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Terms in this set (23)
German Nazi dictator during World War II oversaw the murder of over 6 million Jews during the Holocaust
Dictator of the Soviet Union; led through World War II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people.
Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Battle of Stalingrad
(1942) World War II battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties; Germany's defeat marked turning point in the war
June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day invasion, and by day's end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy.
Battle of the Bulge
After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile bulge into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
Battle of Berlin
final major offensive of the European Theater of World War II; before the battle was over, Hitler and many of his followers committed suicide
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Germany, Italy, Japan
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. attacked on December 7, 1941.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
Battle of Saipan
Decisive in the pacific War from February 19-March 26, 1945; it went all downhill for the Japanese but they refused to surrender; battle illustrated Japan's willingness to fight to the bitter end
Battle of the Philippine Sea
US advance that sank many Japanese carriers. The Japanese navy never recovered from these massive losses of planes, pilots, and ships.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle between the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japanese navy was defeated.
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint
Battle of Okinawa
(1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the Japanese defenders; one of the major factors in deciding to drop bombs on Japan
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
strategy of Allies in World War 2 of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others