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Ross Hist 1001 exam 3
Terms in this set (45)
While Brunelleschi studied Rome for its architecture, Marsilius of Padua studied it for its __________.
How should we see Isabella d'Este in relation to other women living in Renaissance cities?
Isabella was not representative of most women's lives.
Which of these were opposing trends in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries?
republicanism and the early modern state system
Venice can be said to have had a more __________ government than Florence
The Venetians claimed descent from the __________.
Philology was an appropriate study for the humanists because it __________.
focused on the study of classical writings
How did Petrarch's discovery of Cicero's letters make him reconsider the legacy of the Romans?
He found Cicero mortal and imperfect.
The educational agenda of the humanists aimed to __________.
train well-rounded critical thinkers
Renaissance painters and sculptors attempted to fuse __________.
idealism with naturalism
__________ was/were a primary means by which the Renaissance was spread from Italy to the rest of Europe.
Warfare and invasion
The work of Francesco Guicciardini represented a new direction in historical writing because he __________.
viewed human causation as primary
Which of these strengthened the system marked by resident ambassadors?
What/who stood in the way of European monarchs' tax revenues?
communities, assemblies, and the aristocracy
In comparison to France and Spain, England was __________.
an economically backward country
Machiavelli's The Prince established the notion of __________ in European political thought.
the ends justify the means
The Pistoian Book of the Dead and Francesco Traini's fresco The Triumph of Death in Pisa represent what fourteenth-century event?
the Black Death
How did Tamerlane's conquests differ from those of Genghis Khan?
Tamerlane largely destroyed the Silk Road.
The impact of the "Little Ice Age" differed from that of the Black Death because the cold spell __________.
shortened the growing season
In its first centuries, the Ottoman Empire essentially __________.
replaced the Byzantine Empire
How would you describe the effects of the fourteenth century depression in eastern and western Europe?
Eastern Europe fared better than western Europe.
Which of these was most closely tied to the economic depression of the fourteenth century?
the Ciompi revolt
The English victories during the Hundred Years' War were primarily due to the use of __________.
The Statutes of Kilkenny of 1366 were an early sign of _________ in Europe.
growing national identities
The Conciliar Movement attempted to resolve what dispute within the Church?
the Great Schism
William of Ockham's Dialogus opposed what policy of the pope?
papal interference in secular authority
The Brothers of the Common Life most closely resembled what other religious institution?
Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales were based around the common theme of __________.
It is most surprising that the French won the Hundred Years' War because __________.
the English won most of the major battles
Heretics and Jews were both persecuted during the fourteenth century because both were viewed as __________.
Christine de Pisan and Joan of Arc both __________.
championed the cause of women in a male-dominated society
The Champagne fairs were important because they __________.
tied together Mediterranean and North Sea trade
The carruca, or heavy plow, altered peasants' lives because __________.
it required farmers to pool their animals
What was the key difference between a serf and a freeholder?
Freeholders owned their land outright.
The Agricultural Revolution resulted in __________.
a significant increase in Europe's population
Primary schools were invented in the Italian cities in order to __________.
train merchants' sons to be successful businessmen
Unlike Boniface VIII, Gregory VII was focused on __________.
The Cathars (or Albigensians) were __________.
What was the center of much of Christian worship during the Middle Ages?
Arguably, the most profound and far-reaching consequence of the investiture struggle was the __________.
notion of separate religious and secular spheres
The papal bull Unum Sanctum was an example of __________.
the secular objectives of the papacy undermining its spiritual mission
The baillis, or paid professional royal officials, were a sign of __________.
The sheriffs and circuit courts were related in that both were __________.
expressions of royal power
The growing influence of the cathedral schools can be seen as a step in the direction of a more __________ education.
Magna Carta can be said to have __________.
affirmed the legal rights of parts of society
Averroes, Moses Maimonides, and St. Thomas Aquinas all dealt with the essential problem of __________.
reconciling ancient philosophy with the principles of faith
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