83 terms

Unit One Test

RCHS Government
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What was our nation's first Constitution?
Articles of Confederation
On what date was our nation's Constitution signed?
17 September 1787
How many members are there in the United States House of Representatives?
435
How many seats does Illinois currently have in the US House of Representatives?
18
What is the term of office for the US House of Representatives?
2 years
What is the minimum number of Electoral Votes needed in order to become President?
270
How many members are there in the United States Senate?
100
What is the term of office for a US Senator?
6 years
What day does Congress begin its term?
January 3rd
What is the primary duty of the Legislative Branch?
Make Laws
How long must a candidate for President be a citizen of the United States?
Must be Natural Born
How do we determine the number of the electoral votes a state receives?
Number of seats in Congress
What is the term of office for a President?
4 years
What is the maximum number of years a person may serve as President of the US?
10 years
At noon on what date does the President take office?
January 20th
How many electoral votes are there total?
538
Who takes over is something happens to the President...?
Vice President
In order to be a President of the United States, a candidate must be at least _____ years old.
35 years old
Who lives in the White House?
The President
Which has a minimum age of 25 years old to be elected?
US House of Representatives
Which has a minimum age of 30 years old to be elected?
US Senate
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
President
Has veto power over all legislation passed by Congress
President
Has the sole power to try impeachment cases?
US Senate
Which house of Congress has the Speaker as the presiding officer?
US House of Representatives
Which body has the primary duty of making laws?
Congress
Which house of Congress has the sole power of impeachment?
US House of Representatives
Which house of Congress has the authority to approve most Presidential appointments?
Senate
Who is required to give the State of the Union address?
President
What is the primary duty of the Executive Branch?
Enforce or Execute the laws
How many members are there to the President's Cabinet?
15
Who is the Current President of the US?
Donald J. Trump
Who are the US Senators for Illinois?
Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth
Who is the current Vice President?
Mike Pence
Who is the Representative of Illinois' 15th District?
John Shimkus
Who is the current Speaker of the House?
Paul Ryan
Who is the current President Pro-Tempore of the Senate?
Orrin Hatch
Who was the first President to be impeached?
Andrew Johnson
Who was the last President to be impeached?
William "Bill" Clinton
Who is the only President to resign from office?
Richard Nixon
What do we call a proposed law?
a bill
After a bill is introduced into one of the houses of Congress, the bill is sent to the...?
appropriate standing committee
Before a law can be sent to the President it must go through a____________________ in order to work out differences.
Conference Committee
What is it called when a President holds a bill for 10 days w/o action and Congress is not in session?
Pocket Veto
Richland County is in what Congressional district?
Illinois 15th
The President is limited to two terms or a maximum of 10 years by which amendment?
22nd
Which of the amendments deals with Presidential succession?
25th
What amendment changed the dates by which congress and the President begin their terms of office?
20th
Allows for the expansion of the Constitution without changing its language
Elastic Clause
The drawing of district boundaries for political advantage.
Gerrymandering
Refers to a two house legislature
Bicameral
The minimum number of members needed to conduct business
Quorum
Actually changes the language of the constitution.
Amendments
The people of a particular geographic area represented by a law making body..."the voters back home".
Constituents
When is the General Election held?
The first Tuesday following the first Monday in November during even numbered years.
Which member of the President's Cabinet deals with foreign relations issues?
Secretary of State
Which member of the President's Cabinet works to improve and maintain farm income and to develop agricultural policies?
Secretary of Agriculture
Which member of the President's Cabinet deals with trade issues for the United States?
Secretary of Commerce
Which member of the President's Cabinet is responsible for the military?
Secretary of Defense
Which member of the President's Cabinet establishes education policy for the U.S.?
Secretary of Education
Which member of the President's Cabinet advises the President on health, welfare, and income security plans, policies, and programs of the Federal Government?
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Which member of the President's Cabinet deals with the constant threat of terrorist attack?
Secretary of Homeland Security
Which member of the President's Cabinet administers the programs that provide assistance for housing and for the development of the Nation's communities?
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Which member of the President's Cabinet is in charge of all of the great outdoors?
Secretary of Interior
Which member of the President's Cabinet is the Chief legal officer for the US government?
Attorney General
Which is considered to be the highest court in the land?
Supreme Court
Which of the Federal Courts act as the regular trial courts?
District
What is the term of office for a Federal Court Judge?
Life
Who appoints all Federal Court Judges?
The President
Who approves all appointments to the Federal bench? (judges)
The US Senate
In order to be convicted of Treason, there must be at least _____ witnesses to the same act or an open confession.
Two
How many states were required to ratify the Constitution in order for it to be the law of the land?
Nine
The Supreme Court is made up of ______ Associate Justices and _____ Chief Justice.
8 / 1
How many Federal District Courts are there?
94
How many Federal Courts of Appeal?
13
What is the month when the Supreme Court officially begins its session?
October
Which federal court level utilizes the practice of "senatorial courtesy" during the appointment process?
District
What is the primary duty of the Judicial Branch?
Interpret Laws and Administer Justice
Who is the current Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court?
John Roberts
Where is "our" federal district court located?
Benton, IL
Which Appellate Court Circuit has jurisdiction over Illinois?
7th Circuit Court of Appeals
The authority to hear a case first.
Original Jurisdiction
The authority to hear appeals.
Appellate Jurisdiction