World History II SOL Review with part answers
Terms in this set (186)
eastern or western: england
eastern or western: france
eastern or western: spain
eastern or western: russia
eastern or western: ottoman empire
eastern or western: persia
eastern or western:china
eastern or western: mughal empire
eastern or western: songhai empire
eastern or western: Incan empire
eastern or western: mayan empire
eastern or western: aztec empire
renaissance means _____
where did the renaissance spread
from italian city states to northern europe
Judaism was concentrated where in the 1500s?
Europe and the middle east
Christianity was concentrated where in the 1500s?
Europe and the Middle east
Islam was concentrated where in the 1500s?
parts of Asia, Africa, and southern Europe
Hinduism was concentrated where in the 1500s?
India and part of southeast Asia
Buddhism was concentrated where in the 1500s?
east and southeast asia
trade route across Asia to the mediterranean basin
trade routes across the indian ocean
trade routes across north africa
Products and ideas from china
paper, compass, silk, porcelain
products and ideas from india and the middle east
textiles, numeral system
products and ideas about scientific knowledge
medicine, astronomy, mathematics
martin luther posted the ____
Who believed in salvation by faith alone, bible as ultimate authority, and all humans are equal before God?
Who believed in predestination, faith revealed by righteous life, work ethic, and the expansion of protestantism?
Who dismissed Pope's authority, divorced, head of anglican church (of England), and appropriated lands and wealth of catholic church?
King Henry VIII
Who tolerated dissenters, expanded and colonialism, and victory over the Spanish Armada (1588)?
Thirty Years War took place where?
german princes in northern states were...
german hapsburgs in the south were....
The freedom of worship granted to huguenots
edict of nantes
Who invented the printing press?
What resulted in literacy, vernacular, and the spreading of renaissance and reformation ideas?
the printing press
Who sent out expeditions to explore the coast of Africa and established a school to train explorers in the art of navigation?
Who was the first European to explore the St. Lawrence River?
Who went to the Andes and by trickery and force conquered the Incas?
Who was the first European explorer to reach India by going around the tip of Africa?
Vasco da Gama
Who discovered the New World?
Who was a Spanish conquistador that conquered the Aztecs?
English sea dog that was the first to sail around the world
First to sail around the Cape of Good Hope
the demand for gold, spices, and natural resources, diffusion of christianity, political and economic competition, and innovationsl in navigational arts all contributed to the age of _______
_____ had a rigid class system and dictatorial rule
eastern or western: corn
eastern or western: potatoes
eastern or western: tobacco
eastern or western: horses
eastern or western:cattle
eastern or western: diseases
Shortage of labor that led to African slavery based on race and European plantation system that destroyed indigenous economices and harmed the environment were all effects of the ______
_____ linked Europe, Africa and the Americas
Slaves, sugar, and rum were traded on the ______
the ottoman empires original location was in ____
capital of the ottoman empire
religion of the ottoman empire
true or false: the islamic religion of the ottoman empire tolerated other religions?
the ottoman empire traded what?
coffee and ceramics
the ottoman empire expanded to...
southwest asia, southeastern europe (balkan peninsula), north africa
mughal empire is located in...
____ contributed to the spread of islam into India, art and architecturen(Taj Mahal), and the influence of textiles on british industry
southern india traded what?
silk, spices, gems
Indian Ocean trade- coastal trading ports included...
portugal, england, netherlands
___ had a policy of controlling foreign influences and trade and creating foreign enclaves
japn's powerless emperor and military leader was known as what?
africans exported what?
slaves and raw materials (ivory, gold)
africans imported what?
manufactured goods and food products (corn and peanuts)
- policy adopted by european colonial powers
- goal of self-sufficiency
- colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country
- european martime nations competed for colonies, markets, and resources
- new money and banking systems
- colonial economies limited by the economic needs of the mother country
used a telescope to prove kepler correct
laws of gravity
circulation of blood
who westernized russia
peter the great
who was the sun king and had a palace at versailles?
restoration and steward during the english civil war and glorious revolution
king and queen during the glorious revolution
william and mary
was executed and was a steward during the english civil war
The ____ applied reason to the human world, stimulated religious tolerance, and fueled democratic revolutions around the world
wrote Leviathan; and believed government needs enough power to retain order; absolute monarchy
wrote two treatises of government; believed in life, liberty and property
wrote the spirit of laws and believed in separation of powers
wrote the social contract and believed in protected rights
believed in reason over fantaicism
____ ideas fueled revolution in the Americas and France
Thomas Jefferson incorporated _____ ideas into the declaration of Independence
us constitution and bill of rights incorporated ____ ideas
cause of the french revolution
influence of enlightenment ideas and the american revolution
the french revolution resulted in the...
storming of the bastille ans the reign of terror
outcomes of the french revolution
end of the absolute monarchy of louis xiv and rise of napoleon
german, baroque composer
austrian, classical composer
wrote don quixote
miquel de cervantes
painter in transition to romanticism
colonial governments mirrored home governments, catholicism had a strong influence, and major element of the economy- mining precious metals for export are all characterisitics of a _______ system
major cities as outposts of colonial authority include...
havana, mexico city, lima, sao paulo, buenos aires
colonial officials in the rigid class structure
parents from europe but born here
mixed: one european and one native parent
who started the mexican independence movement
father miguel hidalgo
mexico haiti, columbia, venezuela, and brazil all gained what?
slaves in haiti rebelled, abolished slavery and won what?
French, Spanish, and portuguese colonies gained what?
who was a former slave, led the haitain rebellion against france and defeated armies of Spain, france, and britain?
who was a native resident of south america and liberated the northern areas of latin america?
___ was issued by president monroe in 1823
the monroe doctrine
the ______ acknowledged independencec of latin american nations and attempted by europe to impose system- which was a threat to the U.s.
______ had an unsuccessful attempt to unify and dominate Europe
created the napoleonic code
who awakened feelings of nationalism in europe
who unified northern italy?
who joined southern italy to northern italy?
what became the last to join italy?
who led prussia in the unification of germany?
____ justifies all means to achieve and hold power
_____ War led to the creation of the german state
where did the industrial revolution begin?
where did the industrial revolution spread?
europe and the united states
small pox vaccination
Alliances, nationalist feelings, diplomatic failures, imperialism, competition for colonies, and militarism were the causes of
World War I
Outcome of WWI
colonies participation increased demands for independence, huge cost of lives, property, social disruption
What empires ended after WWI?
Russian, Ottoman, German, Austro-Hungarian
The Treaty of Versailles stated that _______ was to blame for the war, and that they lost territory, had a limited military, and had reparation payments
The ____ was created at the Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
Defeat in Russo-Japanese War, landless peasantry, incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II, and military defeats and high casualties in Word War I resulted in the
International cooperative Organization that was established to prevent future wars
League of Nations
The US was not a member of the
League of Nations
The Legue of nations failed because...
it did not have power to enforce its decisions
During WWI, Britain and France decide to divide a large part of the..
Iraq, Transjordan, Palestine
Syria and Lebanon
German reparations, high protective tariffs, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929 were causes of..
High unemployment, bank failures, collapse of prices in world trade, and Nazi's growing importance in Germany becuase of blaming Jews were all
impacts of the depression
Aggression by totalitarian powers, nationalism, failure of treaty of versailles, weakness of the leaque of nations, and appeasement were all..
causes of World war II
Date of German Invasion of Poland
September 1, 1939
Date of attack on Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941
D-Day Allied invasion of Europe
June 6, 1944
What two towns of Japan did American forces drop atomic bombs on?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Date of bombing of Hiroshima
August 6, 1945
US president during WWII
US president after Roosevelt
allied commander in Europe
british prime minister
Nazi dictator of Germany
Japanese genreal and prime minister
emperor of Japan
the systemiatic and purposeful destruction of racial, religios, or cultural group is
Hitlers idea to exterminate all Jews
Genocide by the leaders of the Ottoman Empire
Genocide that targeted peasants, gov and military leaders, and members of the elite by Joseph Stalin
Genocide that targeted artists, technicians, former gov officials, buddhist monks, those that were educated, by Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge
Genocide of the Tutsi minority by the Hutu majority
2 superpowers established after WWII
US and Soviet Union
Germany and Berlin divided among the four
Democratic governments were installed in ______ and _____ after WWII.
West Germany and West Berlin
Us general responsible for occupation of Japan
-Established and adopted by members of the UN
-Provided a code of conduct for the treatment of people under protection of their government
-"the inherent dignity and the equal and unalienable rights of all members of the human family"
The Universal Declaration of Human RIghts
a policy for preventing the expansion of communism
Is the main symbol of the Cold War coming to an end
Tearing down of the Berlin wall
What happened to China at the end of the Chinese Civil War?
China was divided
Leader of nationalist China
Leader of communist china
Who helped the communists during the Korean War?
Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader
Ho Chi Minh
Spread the idea of passive resistance and civil disobedience in India
Prime minister of Britain
-Free trade and less gov regulation of business
-had a close relationship with the US and US foreign policy
Last president of the Soviet Union
-believed in glasnost and perestroika
restructuring the economy
Leader of Communist China
-Reformed Communist China's economy to a market economy-economic growth
Indian sub-continent before independence
Formerly West Pakistan
Formerly East Pakistan
World's largest democratic nation
federal system giving many powers to the state
republic of india
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