AP Psych Social Test
Terms in this set (24)
Lewis has agreed to proofread a long legal brief that Trudy has written, even though he doesn't really like Trudy. Lewis knows that he will not receive any additional pay for his extra work, and he thinks that proofreading is one of the most boring jobs there is. However, after the legal brief is finished, Lewis decides that proofreading isn't such a bad job after all; he feels that at times he actually enjoyed the exacting work. The change in attitude that Lewis has experienced can best be explained using
cognitive dissonance theory
A situation in which the individual pursuit of self-interest leads to collective destruction is known as:
In the local group to which Tom belongs, he finds that he is only able to talk with the leader of the group. Later, he finds that everyone in the group can only talk with the leader and no one else in the group. What type of communication pattern best describes the type of group Tom is in?
Warren tells Cokie that he can't believe it, but he scored 98% on his linear algebra midterm. Cokie decides that Warren must be very bright if he earns such high grades in math courses. Cokie's attribution for the cause of Warren's high grade is consistent with
fundamental attribution error
In Asch's studies of conformity, subjects
indicated which of three lines matched a "standard line" in length
The best explanation for the inaction of bystanders during the Kitty Genovese murder is that they failed to:
assume personal responsibility for helping the victim.
Denying a person equal social treatment based on his or her group membership defines
David, Roger, Ian, and Keith were debating whether the Hoopsters or the Dunkers were the better basketball team. When they started their debate all four friends thought the Hoopsters were slightly better, but after an hour they have now come to the conclusion that the Hoopsters are so much better that they will probably take the division title. The process that would best explain the strengthening of opinion that occurred in this example would be
Which theory suggests that altruistic behavior is governed by calculations of rewards and costs?
social exchange theory
People tend to perceive the members of an outgroup as ________ each other and the members of an ingroup as ________ each other.
similar to; different from
According to the fundamental attribution error, actors tend to attribute their own behavior to ____ factors, and observers tend to attribute the behavior of others to ____ factors.
The tendency to categorize people on the basis of their gender is most likely to lead Jack to believe that:
women all have pretty much the same attitudes about sex.
After the Greenway family accepted their neighbor's invitation to Thanksgiving dinner, Mrs. Greenway felt obligated to invite the neighbors to Christmas dinner. Mrs. Greenway's sense of obligation most likely resulted from:
the reciprocity norm.
Just hearing someone reading a neutral text in a sad voice creates "mood contagion" in listeners. This best illustrates:
the chameleon effect.
Kirstie's boss asks for input about ways the company can improve its current advertising campaign. However, every time an employee offers a suggestion that differs from the plan that the boss has sketched out, the suggestion is ignored completely. In this case, it is likely that the group that is supposed to improve the company's advertising will experience the effects of
When teased by his older sister, 9-year-old Waldo does not cry because he has learned that boys are not expected to. Waldo's behavior best illustrates the importance of:
Natasha and Dimitri have a fulfilling marital relationship because they readily confide their deepest hopes and fears to each other. This best illustrates the value of:
Altruism is best described as:
behaving unselfishly to enhance the welfare of others.
Mr. Eskenazi frowns when his son cries but hugs his daughter when she cries. Mr. Eskenazi's contribution to the gender-typing of his children would most likely be highlighted by:
social learning theorists.
Maya has always preferred individual assignments to group projects, because she finds that she can accomplish more when she works on her own. The process that would best explain why Maya accomplishes less when she works as part of a group is
An expectation that people will help those who depend on them is known as the:
Phoebe saw the passenger in the seat across the aisle suddenly slump forward in her seat. While the other passengers looked around for a flight attendant, Phoebe immediately started to administer CPR. In this case, Phoebe's actions are the opposite of what would be expected based on
the bystander effect
Olivia, a 17-year-old high school student, is quiet, relaxed, reflective, and politically liberal. Research suggests that she would most likely become a good friend of
Philip, who is reflective and quiet.
Haley thinks Keith's silence indicates that he's angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley's quietness signifies that she's angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates:
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