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A king of Medieval Europe who wanted to make the Christian Army as large as the Roman Army had been when he ruled.
Lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord in a military capacity.
People of high rank in a military force, such as captains, admirals ,and generals.
In medieval times a youth acting as a knight's attendant as the first stage in training for knighthood.
The royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215.
An economic and defensive alliance of the free towns in northern Germany, founded about 1241 and most powerful in the fourteenth century.
The epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe.
The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church.
Any of the continuous military expeditions in the 11-13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.
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