42 terms

A.P. Gov Ch. 11: Congress (Vocabulary)

A.P. Government and Politics Chapter 11: Congress Vocabulary Mr. Foster Foster gave these definitions to us, verbatim.
bicameral legislature
two (2) chambers sharing control of Congress
delay tactic used to try to prevent a vote on a bill
marginal districts
congressional race that is competitive
safe districts
congressional race that is not competitive
majority leader
top person in Congress from party in power
minority leader
most powerful person from party not in power
person responsible for ensuring that people within his/her party vote properly
congressional caucus
groups in Congress that share demographics
standing committees
only permanent committees divided by specific subject matters
select committees
temporary committees set up to deal with specific subject matters
joint committees
committees made up of both House and Senate members
conference committee
committee where final copy of bill is drawn up
simple resolution
agreement in one (1) chamber about procedural issues
concurrent resolution
agreement in both chambers about procedural issues
joint resolution
agreement between the House and the Senate, signed by the president, that has the same weight as a law
discharge petition
when the House calls a vote to pool a bill out of committee
closed rule
no amendments may be added to a bill during debate
open rule
amendments may be added to a bill during debate
attachment to a bill that is not related to the bill
Christmas tree bill
tons of riders attached to a bill
minimum number of people that must be present to conduct business in Congress
quorum call
vote taken to see if a majority of congresspeople are present in Congress
cloture rule
vote to prevent a filibuster
when Congress is working on two bills at the same time
pork-barrel legislation
legislation that directly benefits a member's constituents
franking privilege
free delivery postage
representational view (DELEGATE)
when a congressman votes with his/her constituents
attitudinal view (TRUSTEE)
when a congressman votes based on his/her own opinion
partisan (party polarization)
not "party-affiliated"
president voting to block passed legislation
pocket veto
when the president holds onto a bill for ten days and Congress adjourns
Rules Committee
committee in the House that controls the length and time of debate on a bill
non-germane amendments
another term for "rider"
Ways and Means Committee
a tax committee in the House
Appropriations Committee
the committee that allocates all funding
when the government stops due to partisan behavior
divided government
when parties each have control of one of the chambers/branches
unified government
when one party controls the chambers/branches
(BONUS) germane
(BONUS) relevant
(BONUS) log-rolling
(BONUS) the process of congressmen exchanging votes
(BONUS) case-work
(BONUS) the daily work of a congressman