Chapter 29 Review
Terms in this set (39)
Alliances (the biggest), nationalism, militarism, & sovereignty
What were the four causes of the war? Which cuase was probably the biggest?
: alliance with Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy
: alliance with France, Great Britain, & Russia
: Germany, Austria-Hungary, & later Bulgaria & Turkey
: France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Belgium, & US
: an agreement to stop fighting until a treaty is drawn up
: a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
: speech that President Wilson made to Congress that outlined what aims of Allies should be after the war
Treaty of Versailles
: treaty signed in Paris that only affected Germany and blamed the whole war on Germany
: list of demands with consequences
: when no side does anything
Who did Russia ally with after the Three Emperor's League was dissolved?
It wants to join with Bosnia but it's controlled by Austria-Hungary. A unified state
Explain why nationalism was a problem in the Balkans. What did the Serbs want?
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand
What event "sparked" the war in June of 1914?
Kaiser Wilhem of Germany agreed to assist Austria
What allows Austria to declare war on Serbia?
Wester—northern France; northern—Germany-Russian border
Where were the Western Front & the Eastern Front located?
Germany's plan to take 6 weeks & march through neutral Belgium to attack France. Then hit the unsuspecting Russians & knock them out of the war. The Belgiums fought back & the British got involved.
Explain the Schlieffen Plan. Why did it fail?
To leave your trench & run across no man's land to the enemy's trench to attack
Explain what it means to go "Over the Top."
To re-supply the Russians
Why did the Allies send soldiers to the Dardanelles?
Zimmerman letter & the sinking of the Lusitania
What two factors led to U.S. involvement in the war?
That if Mexico helped Germany in the war, then Germany would help Mexico get back all of the land it lost to the U.S. (like Texas)
What did the Zimmerman Letter state?
Problems back at home (a revolution)
Why did Russia leave the war in 1918?
Promote international cooperation & maintain peace by settling disputes peacefully
What was the goal of the League of Nations?
Treat of Versailles
Which treaty ended the war, & only affected Germany?
In what day, month, & year did the war end?
Germans don't agree with it & think it's unfair
How do the German's feel about the Treaty of Versailles?
Where was the peace conference held?
Did the Allies decide to go with all of Wilson's 14 Points after the war?
Britain, France, US, & Italy
Which countries made up the Big Four?
Germany: had to pay $5 billion in reparations in 2 years & an unspecified amount later ($33 billion), lost Saar Valley, Polish Corridor, & Alsace-Lorraine, would be occupied, can't use subs, & must reduce military size
What did the Treaty of Versailles state?
Why did the US decide not to join the League of Nations?
A strike by textile workers Wha
What event, which occurred in Russia in 1917, touched off the Russian Revolution?
Western style parliamentary democracy
Explain the type of government that Russia's Provisional Government wanted to establish.
the Bolshevik Party
Who stole power from Russia's Provisional Government?
The communist party
The Bolsheviks came to be known as what?
Who was the leader of the Bolshevik Party?
What year does WWI begin?
What year does the US get involved in WWI?