U6 Gov IDs
Terms in this set (20)
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
The legal concept under which the Supreme Court has nationalized the Bill of Rights by making most of its provisions applicable to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment.
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement.
a constitutional doctrine that ensures states cannot enact laws that take away the constitutional rights of American citizens that are enshrined in the Bill of Rights
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
Free Exercise Clause
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
Spoken false statements (slander) and written false statements (libel) that damage a person's reputation. Both can be regulated by the government but are often difficult to distinguish from permissible speech.
Using actions and symbols rather than words to convey an idea
Rights of the Accused
The protections that the Constitution guarantees to citizens who are accused of crimes.
A rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct
Right to Privacy
The right to a private personal life free from the intrusion of government.
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
Equal Protection Clause
14th amendment clause that prohibits states from denying equal protection under the law, and has been used to combat discrimination
Separate but Equal
Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.
a clause exempting certain classes of people or things from the requirements of a piece of legislation affecting their previous rights, privileges, or practices.
the right to vote
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender - still in contention
A policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
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