More Shrooms 2nd midterm
Terms in this set (12)
Define fermentation in the context in which it has been used in this class
Microbal conversion of carbohydrates to alcohol or acids. Can use CO2 or not
Give three reasons why we ferment food products.
Recreation, Preservation, Flavor
Name three fermented food or drink in which the mother culture or starter culture used in its production is a symbiotic mixture of bacteria and yeasts.
Sour dough bread, kombuche, obi, keifir
Why does Vitis vinifera, the European grape, make such great wine
perfect balance between fruit and sugar acid
What are fungi?
Achlorophylous, filamentous organisms, reproduce via spores, obtain nutrients through absorption process
Name the four primary divisions (Phyla) of Fungi
Chytridiomycota, Ascomycota, Zygomycota, Basidiomycota
What are the look-alike fungi for Amanita muscaria and for Psilocybe species?
Amanita: agaricus campesteris
Psilocybe: galerina spp.
Similarities between toxins aflatoxin and fumonisin
both ascomycetes, carcenogenic, dry foods, strict federal guidelines
Differences between toxins aflatoxin and fumonisin
Aflatoxin affects birds
Fumonism affects horses, liquefies the brain
Name four mushroom species, other than button, commonly eaten.
Truffles, shitake, oysters, portabella
List four of the five steps, or phases, in the production of commercial button mushrooms
Composting, Spawning, Casing, Harvesting
List four safety tips that are important when collecting wild mushrooms
1. Dig don't pick
2. Pick when dry
3. Cut open puff balls
4. Identify it
5. Don't feed to children
6. Put in paper bag
7. Separate by species
8. Spore Prints