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Terms in this set (20)
This is the word geologists use for loose pieces of minerals and rock. The particles are transported by wind, water, or ice, and/or the force of gravity and eventually deposited.
ratio of fresh water to salt water
3% Freshwater : 97% salt water
Residents of a coastal community rely on a local aquifer for fresh water. If the rate at which they draw water from the aquifer becomes the greater than the rate it which it's recharged, problems can arise. What serious problems can this situation lead to?
Water that flows into oceans comes in part from
The first signs of drought may be observed in which part of the water cycle?
Along coastlines, population growth has led to overpopulation which has caused aquifer depletion and the subsequent contamination of the ground water with ________
Why is so much freshwater unavailable for human use?
it is frozen
The least amount of water is used in households when people
run the dishwasher
3% of the water on Earth is freshwater. Less than 0.5% of all freshwater on Earth is found
in rivers and lakes
the contamination of an environment beyond natural correction
removal of trees and conversation of of forests to farmlands, logged areas, or cities
Body of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river where it enters an ocean or lake
Because moving water deposits sediments on a regular basis, floodplains have ________ soil, that is ________.
fertile; useful for agriculture
In the event of a flood, what additional benefit might these shrubs and trees provide?
They help to slow down the flow of water, reducing damaging impacts.
Which is one feature that can lead to water reaching aquifers too quickly?
This is is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock from which groundwater can be easily extracted using a well.
This is an underground level where the ground becomes saturated with water.
This is the combination of decomposed organic matter and weathered rock that supports plant growth.
This is the land bordering a stream or river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and experiences flooding during periods of high water levels.
This type of water has the highest salt of any of the types of water on earth.
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