Poli Sci Chapter 13
Terms in this set (36)
In times of crises, presidents have issued executive orders without consulting Congress on the basis of
In 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Act, which
attempted to limit the president's use of troops in military action without congressional approval.
When Congress passes sweeping legislation, it often delegates significant power to the executive branch, which gives the president
a great deal of discretion in the way the law is implemented.
Presidential high-level political appointments are
an institutional resource of presidential power.
Some presidents have attached __________ to bills they are approving; these attachments may include instructions for enforcement and the president's interpretation of the legislation.
The White House staff is composed mainly of
analysts and advisers.
The national convention is important to the power of the presidency because
it gives the presidency a popular base that eventually supports increased presidential power.
If a president wished to make foreign policy without having to get the two-thirds vote in the Senate needed to ratify a treaty, he or she most likely would
make an executive agreement with the head of a foreign nation.
If a president claims that his or her election victory amounts to an order from the American people to enact new environmental policy, he or she is claiming
The presidential power to make rules and procedures for the executive branch, which have the effect and formal status of legislation, is called
The public reaction to presidential actions in foreign policy and international crises is usually
supportive for a short time.
The first president to effectively use public appeals such as "fireside chats" and speaking tours was
The ____________ was established by law in 1947 and is composed of the president; the vice president; the secretaries of state, defense, and the treasury; the attorney general; and other officials invited by the president.
National Security Council
Historically, first spouses have served what role?
What did the framers mean to accomplish by the indirect election of the president?
to make the president responsible to state and national legislatures
Which first spouse did have considerable policy influence while her husband was in office?
Which branch of government has the constitutional power to declare war?
Presidents have used ____________ to withhold information on executive branch deliberations from other branches of government.
The 2002 congressional resolution on the use of force against Iraq is notable because
it gave the president complete discretion to determine whether, when, and how to attack.
The Cabinet, consisting of the heads of all major federal government departments,
has no constitutional status.
By the end of his second term in office, President George W. Bush had issued about ________ executive orders.
The textbook authors argue that, today, every president is strong. What do the authors mean by this?
Modern presidents have more institutional resources than presidents before them.
President George W. Bush refused to turn over to Congress records of Vice President Cheney's secret energy task force meetings. He did so on the basis of
According to the textbook, one reason that Congress has been unable to check the growth of presidential power is that
Congress has a significant collective-action problem.
As a tool for achieving political goals, presidents have found party members to be
Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Instead of treating that agreement like a treaty, Clinton submitted it for a simple majority vote of Congress. What President Clinton did was
an executive-congressional agreement.
A ____________ veto can occur when the president is presented with a bill during the last ten days of a legislative session and ____________ be overridden by a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress.
According to the U.S. Constitution, the president is selected by
the electoral college.
The president's domestic military power includes the power to send federal troops into a state or city
if the president believes sending troops necessary to respond to an emergency or enforce a judicial order.
Which amendment provides for the vice president to assume the presidency in the event of the chief executive's death or incapacity and sets forth the procedures that would be followed?
the Twenty-fifth Amendment
Which of the following is not one of the powers of the president specifically listed in the Constitution?
carrying out the laws of the United States
The most important and largest agency in the Executive Office of the President is the
Office of Management and Budget.
The powers of the presidency are outlined in ____________ of the U.S. Constitution.
Generally speaking, popular support for a president
declines over time.
According to the authors, the decline in popular participation in government and voting has
increased the power of the president.
The practice of allowing the party's congressional delegates to nominate presidential candidates is known as the
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