PLP Exam 2
Terms in this set (55)
The use of fungi in food and drink production was developed in medieval europe
All edible fungi produce mushrooms
Plant disease epidemics never happen in natural ecosystems unless disturbed by humas
Soy sauce used cultures of aspergillus to break down protein at the beginning of fermentative processes
The first fermentative beverages were developed about 1000 years ago
All yeast reproduce by budding
Most milk products can be fermented to high ethanol content
Bananas are a popular fruit to ferment in tropical areas
Most fruit wil ferment into very stable and palatable wines without having to add other ingredients
Most taxonomic systems are based upon structures involved in sexul reproduction
Filamentous molds used in food procession are not to be eaten and must be cut off
In order to ferment grain, the starch must first be converted to sugar
In order to find truffles underground, pigs or dogs are used to sniff them out and reveal their location
The spores contained in mushrooms are sexual spores (produced my meiosis)
The country with the highest volume of commercial mushroom production is France
Most plant pathogens are in this group for fungi
Slime molds, which aren't true fungi, are in this group of organisms
Bipolaris bisporus is a member of this group of fungi
Most of the large mushrooms are in this group of organisms
Fungi used in the production of the soy product tempeh are in this group of fungi.
The mold sprayed on the outside of salami during fermentation is from this group of fungi
The only true fungi known to possess flagella are in this group
The fungus that causes ergot of rye is from this group of fungi
Fairy rings in lawns are commonly produced by fungi in this group
The fungus used in the production of blue cheese is in this group of fungi
Most yeasts, including brewer's yeast are in this group of fungi
The first fermentation in the production of sake is sue to a fungus from this group
The pathogens that cause the rust diseases of plants are in this group of fungi
Truffles and morels are in this group of fungi
The cause of the Irish potato famine is in this group of organisms
a type of wine made from agave sap. Can later be distilled into tequila.
This term refers to disease of animals following consumption of toxic sclerotia
A type of yeast growth whereby the individual daughter cells remain attached to the mother cells and appear as filament
The inoculation material used to start the fungus grown on compost for mushroom production.
Type of bread in which yeast had produced carbon dioxide gas and causes it to rise and be fluffy
The method in which most yeast reproduce asexually
Applies to an organism that can grow in two different ways, as a yeast or filament
A polyphenol round in red wines and is reported to have many health attributes include antioxidant activity
a disease caused by the toxin made made by Clostridium bacteria when they grow anaerobically in spoiled food. Often fatal.
Very popular wines made from the fermentation of pears.
Natural complex of enzymes produced in the mammalian stomach to digest mother's milk, and is used in the production of cheese
the process by which the starch in barley, wheat, or rye is converted into fermentable sugars.
alcoholic beverage made from fermenting honey
top fermenting yeast
Type of yeast that ferments at a high temperature and produces many complex flavor components
Fungus living in symbiosis with a plant and is intimately connected with the plan roots.
Conversion of carbs to alcohol or acids
Define fermentation in the context in which it has been used in this class
Recreational, Preservation, Flavor
3 reasons why we ferment food products
3 fermented food or drink
Kombucha, Sourdough bread, obi, kefir
Balance in fruit acid and sugar
Why does vitius vinefera the europe grape make such great wine
Acholoryphylous, filamentous, chitin in cell wall, haploid
What are fungi
Amanita: Agaricus campesteris
Psilocybe: Glaerina spp.
look alike fungi for amanita and psilocybe
Sim: Asco, Cancer causing, dry foods, strict fed guidelines.
Diff: Aflatoxin: birds
Fumonisins: horse, liquefiers the brain
two sims and differences between the toxins afloatoxin and fumonisin
Truffles, Shiitake, oysters, portabella
four mushroom species
Composting includes phase 1 and 2, spawning, casing
four of five steps in production of commercial button mushrooms.
Dig don't pick
pick when dry
cut open puff balls
don't feed to children
don't eat raw
put in paper bag
spore print (identification purposes)
Tips when getting shrooms