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U.S. History EOC Review Vocabulary #3
Terms in this set (21)
Tennessee-born soldier whose action in the Argonne Forest made him an American hero
American Expeditionary Force
American force of 14,500 that landed in France in June 1917 under the command of General John Pershing. Both women and blacks served during the war, mostly under white officers
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
A refusal to take part in a war between other nations
Paris Peace Conference
The peace conference that decided the terms of WWI peace and Treaty of Versailles.
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Scheneck v. US
Supreme Court case that curtailed free speech under the First Amendment during wartime
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
Germans would not sink merchant & passenger (non-military) vessels. Wilson - "any little . . . [U-boat] commander can put is into war at any time by some calculated outrage". Violated later with the later resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare
Treay of Versailles
the peace treaty that ended WWI between Germany and the Allies. Signed June 28, 1919. Significant because it forced Germany to accept all responsibility for the war, to pay all reparations, and to give up various territories, making Germans very angry at the rest of the world. This was one of the long term causes of WWII.
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
German submarines used in World War I
Wilson's 14 Points
Woodrow Wilson's plan for post-war peace: no secret treaties; freedom of the seas; removal of economic barriers; reduction of arms; adjust colonial claims
28th President of the United States
World War 1
A war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918.
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
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