Praxis II ART
Terms in this set (190)
conceptual artist known for incorporating text into her work
African Baule Spirit Spouse Figures
Statuettes were mostly used for two purposes: to incarnate a spirit of the bush, and the second was to represent a spouse from the other world "Blolo Bla" or "Blolo Bian".
A painting medium in which pigment is mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size or egg yolk. Also called poster color, poster paint.
is an art technique involving extremely realistic imagery in order to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects appear in three dimensions.
Known for stone. The term was invented by 19th century art historians, especially for Romanesque architecture, which retained many basic features of Roman architectural style - most notably round-headed arches, but also barrel vaults, apses, and acanthus-leaf decoration.Colours, now remaining bright only in stained glass and well-preserved manuscripts, tended to be very striking, and mostly primary. It was in this period that stained glass became widely used.
A mosque.Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. Has pendentives.
Neo expressionist artist
Stepped Pyramid Temples
Origin is Mayan
African Benin Sculputure
Made out of Metal
Using a mixture of black mixed with a color to make it
darker. The opposite of shade is tint.
The opposite of shade is..
Moore (Sculptor) used what for inspiration?
rocks, pebbles etc
A painting technique in which, as the name suggests, a little bit of paint is put on a dry brush. When applied, it produces a broken, scratchy effect.
an opaque watercolor prepared with gum
white coating made of substances such as chalk, plaster, and size that is spread over a surface to make it more receptive to paint
What type of structure is the Taj Mahal?
Who constructed the Spiral Jetty?
Which tribe created the Great Serpent Mound?
Adena Indian habitats
List Titan's key works
Punishment of Tythus
Venus of Urbino
painter and printmaker of Romantism.Blake is held in high regard by later critics for his expressiveness and creativity, and for the philosophical and mystical undercurrents within his work.
The Song of Los
The Lovers Whirlwind
Ancient of Days
a British portrait and landscape painter.
The Blue Boy
Column of Trajan
Poussin's Arcadian Shepherds
Possin was a French painter in the classical style.Themes of tragedy and death are prevalent in Poussin's work. Et in Arcadia ego, a subject he painted twice (second version is seen at right), exemplifies his cerebral approach. In this composition, idealized shepherds examine a tomb inscribed with the title phrase, which is usually interpreted as a memento mori: "Even in Arcadia I exist", as if spoken by personified Death.
What artists were influenced by Japanese prints?
Degas and Cassett
List pop artists
Rothko, Warhol and Litchenstein
What surrealist was known for strange juxtaposition and use of scale?
Compare and Contrast
Ionic, Doric, Corinthian Columns
Ionic columns are the tallest and thinnest of the three. They tend to have scrolls at the tops.
Doric columns are 'sturdier' than Ionic-- they're thicker and shorter. They are the least decorated of the three.
Corinthian columns are similar to Ionic in size, but at the top have elaborate floral designs.
relative darkness or lightness of a color
line, shape, form, color, value, texture, and space
emphasis, contrast, balance, harmony, rhythm, proportion, unity, and variety
Masaccio's Holy Trinity shows what type of symmetry?
head sculpture- use of metal and negative space
Girl with a Flower Hat by Rodin, is what type of sculpture?
Cast concrete, modeling
Sturdier then earthenware, stoneware is waterproof even without being glazed.
What do you mix with acrylic paint to make glaze?
Ceramic - Sgraffito
a form of
decoration made by scratching through a surface to reveal a lower layer of a contrasting color.
is a process similar to kneading
dough, it loosens the clay circulating its moisture throughout.
Process of incising shallow grooves
into surface of wet or leather hard clay in
cross-hatch pattern before applying slurry and
INSULATING FIREBRICK; IFB; SOFTBRICK
firebrick with insulating values much higher than hardbrick.
Hard, dense firebrick generally used
only in high-stress areas of kiln (floor,
burner ports, flues, bagwall) and for corrosive
firing processes (salt, soda, wood).
Highly refractory secondary clays
with minimal fluxes and usually fairly coarse particle size - Low shrinkage, buff-color,
Air-dry unfired clay
What kind of harmful stubstance does Printmaking Plastalina have?
a steel needle for engraving on a
bare copper plate without acid
a print resembling a watercolor,
produced from a copper plate etched with nitric
an image produced from a
photographic negative transferred to a metal plate and etched in.
a steel needle for engraving on a
bare copper plate without acid.
is a circle-shaped opening in a lens
(a hole, really) through which light passes to strike the film. The size of the aperture is
expressed as an f-number, like f/8 or f/11.
An obsolete photographic process
in which a picture made on a silver surface is sensitized with iodine; and developed by
exposure to mercury vapor.
Depth of Field
The distance between the
nearest and furthest objects in a photograph
that are considered to be acceptably sharp.
Controls the duration of an
exposure - the faster the Shutter speed, the shorter the exposure time.
A measurement of film's sensitivity
to light. More sensitive (faster) films have
higher ISO numbers and require less exposure in order to make a properly-exposed picture.
A method of painting, which uses pigments melted with wax and fixed or fused to the painting surface with heat.
product that extends the drying
time, and paint.
"fat over lean"
The principle in oil painting
that suggests each layer of paint should
contain more oil than the one beneath.
Awareness of this concept helps ensure
Rabbit Skin Glue
is the traditional size for
fabric support on panels. It seals porous
fabric and isolates it from ground or oil
meaning to rub a crayon or other tool
onto paper or other material, which is placed onto a textured surface, in order to create the texture of that surface on the paper.
Italian term meaning smoke, describing
a very delicate gradation of light and shade in the modeling of figures; often ascribed to Da Vinci's work.
an effect of contrasted light and
shadow created by light falling unevenly or
from a particular direction on something.
having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level.
in art, the perception of depth in nature as enhanced by haze in the atmosphere; how the appearance of objects is altered over distance by the effects of the air between the viewer and the object
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (blacK). The
CMYK system is used for printing. For mixing of pigments, it is better to use the secondary colours, since they mix subtractively instead
. of additively.
to make a quick sketch
A type of modern sculpture
consisting of combining multiple objects or
forms, often 'found' objects.
- art, as sculptural constructions,
having movable parts activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means.
a skeletal framework built as a support on which a clay, wax, or plaster figure
- one of the small pieces used in mosaic work.
- The first sketch of a picture or
model of a statue.
What color do two secondary colors make?
What is the different between watercolors and gouache?
Watercolors are transparent
Gouache is opaque
What is Camera Obsura and what artists used it?
Is an optical device used, for
example, in drawing or for entertainment. It is
one of the inventions leading to photography.
What artist used this? Jan Vermeer, Canaletto,
Guardi, and Paul Sandby
Egg Tempera - What period was this used?
Egg tempera painting is second oldest medium after encaustic. It was used by the ancient Egyptians
and Greeks and perfected by the icon painters during the last 100 years of the old Byzantine Empire (400 AD-1202 AD).
Sculpture is what kind of process?
Addition or subtraction plus two others.
Who designed the Barcelona chair?
der Rohe (and Lilly Reich).
List of Jewelry tools
What is the difference between tapestry and embroidering?
Tapestry- were woven wall hangings. Embroidery-the art of working raised
and ornamental designs in threads of silk,
cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon
any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a needle.
When using a hand saw what safety should you use?
What area was characterized by these words - Heroic,
Turbulent, and poetic?
What was the use of stain glass in a cathedral?
it's was a luxury item, and used by
the Early Christian artist for allegorical
What was the golden section in architecture?
a ratio between two portions of a line in which the lesser of the two is to the greater as the greater is to the sum of both. Ancient Ea ratio between two portions of a line in which the lesser of the two is to the greater as the greater is to the sum of both. Ancient Egyptian and Grecian proportions still used today.
4,000 B.C. People used what type of
architecture to build?
The post-and-lintel system
Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie house was influenced by what style?
Japanese art and buildings
Who is created with the first bronze statue since roman times?
Donatello's "David", a free standing statue
What type of art/painting needs to be covered in glass or sprayed?
Acrylic paint was used in some type of printing... water or oil?
Why do you wedge the clay?
To loosen clay and circulate the moisture throughout. Think to
remove the air
Who made large portraits of friends?
What would not be seen in a typical western water color?
a black line
Why did the arts and crafts movement start in English education?
(mid 1800s) as a reactionagainst the mass-produced goods of the
Mexican Diego Rivera was Known for painting what?
Early Greece statues had what characteristics?
facing forward and stiff
appropriation art borrows common
images from advertising, the mass media and elsewhere, places them in new contexts
Andy Warhol's Campbell Soup Cans
What can be added to a plaster Paris to reduce density?
What is slip in cermaics?
A slip is a suspension in water of clay and/or other materials used in the production of ceramic ware
The building of what palace was the start of Baroque?
What is ceramic glaze made from?
Oxides held in a glass matrix (silica). Glass
What invention allowed the Romans to build large space?
What is film speed?
A measurement of film's
sensitivity to light.
Benin sculpture is in what medium?
wood and bronze
What is color field painting?
Name some artists.
Color Field painting is a style of abstract
painting in which dominates form and texture.
Why is Islamic art small?
Possibly due to the warring time that took place during the reign of Muslim religion. Art, although appreciated, was carried with and adorn like such items as books and purses.
Mexican murals painted in what theme?
a dominant idea or central theme
Crayons resistant to what?
What is a charcoal pen made of and how is it made?
Willow branches. Willow branches are fired.
What type of paper would have a raised texture?
What Architect style was copied for American colonial architecture?
Even heat distribution. super-durable, soakproof, cut resistant.
seen as meditative art. The use of ONE COLOR
Works of art and programs, funded by the US Treasury Dept, created to help
provide economic relief to the citizens.
What does the Buddha look like most of the time?
What kind of paper is used in the Book of Kells?
What is another work for low relief?
What goes horizontal across a loom?
To mount a white and black photo, use..
What is the best resolution in a digital photo?
3X 5 300 pixels
Characteristics of Holy Trinity by Massacio
Name Depression Artists
Eli Jacob, Jack Markow and James Turnbull Diego Rivera, Stuart Davis Thomas Benton
Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"is inspired by what?
A 2 dimensional art that has string, photos, and others is what?
Who was the Harlem Renaissance artist who photographed Harlem?
Van Der Zee
A large earth mound found on the Ohio river would be form what culture?
Pyramids found around Cancun would be whose?
What is the difference between the elements of Design and the principals of design?
Elementsof Art describe the art is being presented:
form, value, texture, line, shape, color, form.
Principle of Art considers the impact of the
movement, unity, variety, balance,
emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern.
AP on an art product means what?
Any forcefulness that gives importance or dominance (weight) to some feature or features of an artwork
When the regular repetition of particular forms or elements occurs in a work of art, that work is said to have rhythm. It suggests motion.
Analogous colors are colors next to one another on the color wheel
Read more at Suite101: Understanding the Color Wheel - Analogous Colors: An Art Project in Coordinating Colors http://www.suite101.com/content/understanding-the-color-wheel-analogous-colors-a122987#ixzz1AZZNoWJj
produced by mixing a primary and secondary color ex. blue, green, red violet
the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
relative darkness or lightness of a color
An art and design principle concerned with the arrangement of one or more elements in a work of art so that they appear symmetrical (even) or asymmetrical (uneven) in design and proportion.
What art historian/collector was responsible for their success of Pollock/Kandinksy?
Women artist of the 19th century were restricted from what?
When they created art with the focus of family or society, they were criticized for their limited subject matter, yet the confines of society allowed their lives to include little else
What city had the first skyscraper?
Home Insurance Building in NYC
Who said " less is more"?
Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Name Abstract Expressionist Artists
Willem de Kooning,
Characteristics of Gothic Cathedrals
he common characteristics of the Gothic Cathedrals are the flying buttress, copious amounts of stained glass windows, vast amounts of statuary, and many vaulted roofs.
The Flying Buttress was innovated to help reinforce the walls which had a tendency to lean outward under the weight of the cathedrals massive vaulted ceilings. If the buttresses had not been used the cathedrals would
have eventually come tumbling down under the pressure of there own mass. The other notable characteristic of these grand old buildings was the "Rose Window".
Ex. Chartres Cathedral
Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, its thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers and decorative arcading. Each building has clearly defined forms and they are frequently of very regular, symmetrical plan so that the overall appearance is one of simplicity. Small windows
Ex. Durham Cathedral
Palace of Versaille
Example of baroque architecture
How does Roccoco differ from Baroque?
Baroque painting came in response to Renaissance Art.The Renaissance was focused on religious Mannerism, which consisted of flattened forms and complex compositions. Baroque art was heavily influenced by the Counter-reformation and thus more interested in dramatic scenes of saints and history paintings.Art from the Baroque period is described as Naturalistic, because artists such as Carracci and Caravaggio emphasized the importance of drawing from real life, as well as honing specific skills such as optics and perspective.
Rococo came in response to the darkness and heaviness of Baroque art, but did continue many of the ideals specified during the 17th century. Rococo related much more to decorative shapes as well as the natural and organic. Swirling shapes and asymmetrical forms replaced the rigid geometric shapes of the past century. Baroque paintings were ominous, otherworldly, and dark in subject. Rococo was infamous for its superfluous decoration and extraordinary detail. There was an intentional overload of every last quality of the Rococo time period. Rococo was also noted for having light, curves, playfulness, and was illustrated mainly in the interiors of the French upper class and through decorative art.
Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_Rococo_art_compares_with_Baroque_art#ixzz1AaOIKCVh
How does Islam art differ from European art?
Islamic art has focused on the depiction of patterns and Arabic calligraphy, rather than on figures, because it is feared by many Muslims that the depiction of the human form is idolatry and thereby a sin against God, forbidden in the Qur'an.
Another term used for buddhist temple
What does the Eiffel Tower and the statue of liberty have in common?
Eiffel-marks the centennial celebration of the French Revolution.
liberty-iconic symbol of freedom and of the United States.
French gave the US, statue of liberty
What was 'Pointillism', which artists are associated with it, and how did it make use of new knowledge in Color Theory?
Pointillism is a form of painting in which tiny dots of primary-colors are used to generate secondary colors. It is very similar to Divisionism, except that where Divisionism is concerned with color theory, Pointillism is more focused on the specific style of brushwork used to apply the paint.
Henri Edmond Cross
Who is I.M. Pei?
Chinese architect, designed Pyramide du Lourve
How did Frida Kahlo's life experiences come into her artwork?
Drawing on personal experiences, including her marriage, her miscarriages, and her numerous operations, Kahlo's works often are characterized by their stark portrayals of pain.
She combined elements of the classic religious Mexican tradition with surrealist renderings
What was the significance of Rembrandt?
Among the more prominent characteristics of his work are his use of chiaroscuro, the theatrical employment of light and shadow derived from Caravaggio,
Describe the work of Rodin
Major Work: The Thinker
Rodin was a naturalist, less concerned with monumental expression than with character and emotion. Departing with centuries of tradition, he turned away from the idealism of the Greeks, and the decorative beauty of the Baroque and neo-Baroque movements. His sculpture emphasized the individual and the concreteness of flesh, and suggested emotion through detailed, textured surfaces, and the interplay of light and shadow.
Describe the work of Albert Durer
Albrecht Dürer is considered one of the greatest printmakers of all time. Working with both woodcuts and copper engravings, he attained a level of detail that is virtually unsurpassed.
The Four Horsemen of the Acoplycolase
The Knight, The Death and the devil
What is photorealism?
Photorealism is the genre of painting based on using the camera and photographs to gather information and then from this information, creating a painting that appears to be very realistic like a photograph.
Who is Joseph Beuys?
Joseph Beuys was a German performance artist, sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.
Artwork: Performance : How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare
Why is Michelangelo considered one of the world's greatest artistic talents?
his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man,
Basic Elements of Sculpture
List kinds of stones for stone carving
What is the difference between linear and aerial perspective?
Intaglio-Etching, Dry Point, Photograuv
Forms of Charcoal
kneaded putty erasers
What is used to protect pastel artwork?
Use a fix
Equipment used in oil painting
dippers- to hold turpentine/oil
Brushed used in oil painting
-Bright, round, flat and filbert
-can be cleaned with turpentine
-ferrule-metal part of brush
Most common oil in oil paints
paint thinner and brush cleaner
What is a binder?
is the medium to which paint pigment is suspended
Two main types of of foam plastics for sculpture
gouge and chisel
method of dyeing fabric by covering certain sections with wax
a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile
yarn arranged lengthways on a loom and crossed by the woof
glass fused over metal using high tempeture (don't use nickle)
a wall hanging of heavy handwoven fabric with pictorial designs
in weaving, the thin threads that are actually woven
art that helps improve our relationship with the natural world
the laying of paint thickly
a school, style, or method of painting, adopted chiefly by 17th-century Spanish and Neapolitan painters, esp Caravaggio, characterized by large areas of dark colours, usually relieved with a shaft of ligh
monochromatic painting in shades of gray.
Describe the process of fresco
the art or technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater mixture.
the action of constructing rampparts with gaps for firing guns or arrows
Describe a classical Greek structure
the capital building was built in what architectual style?
monticello was build in what architectual style?
the central area of a church
three point perspective
only a single point of a volume is closest to the viewer, and all planes seem to recede to one of three vanishing points
the activity of drawing a graphical representation of a design
liquid in which pigments are suspended to form paint
gray made by mixing complements
is used to stop paper from absorbing paint in water based painting
in oil painting, the technique of brushing one layer of paint on top of another in a way that reveals some of the under color.
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