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Terms in this set (77)
cells that perform exocrine function
enzyme secreted by the pancreas to aid in digestion of carbohydrates
body of pancreas
lies in the midepigastrium anterior to the SMA and SMV, aorta, and IVC
caudal pancreatic artery
branch of the splenic artery that supplies the tail of the pancreas
C-loop of duodenum
forms the lateral border of the head of the pancreas
common hepatic artery
forms the right superior border of the body and head of the pancreas and gives rise to the gastroduodenal artery
duct of santorini
small accessory duct of the pancreas found in the head of the pancreas
duct of Wirsung
largest duct of the pancreas that drains the tail, body, and head of the gland; it joins the common bile duct to enter the duodenum through the ampulla of vater
the ___ function of the pancreas is to produce the hormone insulin
the ___ function of the pancreas is the production of pancreatic juice; primary function of the pancreas
stimulates the liver to convert glycogen to glucose; produced by alpha cells
head of pancreas
lies in the C-loop of the duodenum; the gastroduodenal artery is the anterolateral border and the common bile duct is the posterolateral border
elevated levels of calcium in the blood
congenital condition in which elevated fat levels cause pancreatitis
dilated loops of bowel without peristalsis; associated with various abdominal problems, including pancreatitis, sickle cell crisis, and bowel obstruction
hormone that causes glycogen formation from glucose in the liver and allows cells with insulin receptors to take up glucose to decrease blood sugar
islets of langerhans
small cells that comprise the endocrine portion of the pancreas for production of insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin
an abnormal increase in WBCs caused by infection
pancreatic enzyme that breaks down fats; enzyme is elevated in pancreatitis and remains increased longer than amylase
a malignant neoplasm that rises from the lymphoid tissue
neck of pancreas
small area of the pancreas between the head, and the body; anterior to the SMV
excessive bilirubin in the bloodstream caused by an obstruction of bile from the liver; characterized by a yellow discoloration of the sclera of the eye, skin, and mucous membranes
occurs when the pancreatic pseudocyst ruptures into the abdomen; free floating pancreatic enzymes are very dangerous to surrounding structures
"sterile abscess" collection of pancreatic enzymes that accumulate in the avalible space in the abdomen (usually in or near the pancreas)
help supply blood to the pancreas along with the splenic artery
inflammation of the pancreas; may be acute or chronic
junction of the splenic and main portal vein; posterior to the body of the pancreas
a space or cavity that contains fluid but has no true endothelial lining membrane
pancreatic enzyme that is elevated during pancreatitis
serves as the posterior border to the body of the pancreas
lies posterior to the neck/body of the pancreas and anterior to the uncinate process of the gland
tail of pancreas
tapered end of the pancreas that lies in the left hypochondriac near the hilus of the spleen and upper pole of the left kidney
small, curved tip of the pancreatic head that lies posterior to the SMV
The pancreas is a encapsulated/ nonencapsulated organ.
The majority of the pancreas is in the ___ cavity with the exception of a small portion of the head.
The pancreas is appx. __cm long and __cm thick.
prevertebral vessels, splenic confluence, SMA, aorta, IVC
Posterior to the pancreas are the ___ ___, ___ ___, ___, ___, and ___.
The pancreas occupies the anterior ___ space from the second portion of the duodenum in the C-loop to the ___ hilum.
stomach, transverse colon
The pancreas is bounded anteriorly by the ___ and ___ ___.
The ___ is located anterior to the ___ in the head of the pancreas.
When looking for the pancreas with ultrasound, located the aorta at the level of the ___.
When looking for the pancreas with ultrasound, if you see the celiac truck, then you are too ___.
A ___ plane is the correct plane to be in to see the pancreas in long.
Most pathology is found in the ___ of the pancreas.
has the greatest AP diameter in the pancreas
The ___ is the most inferior portion of the pancreas
The head of the pancreas is found in the ___ of the duodenum.
portal-splenic confluence, SMV
The head of the pancreas lies to the right of the ___ ___ and ___.
The head of the pancreas is anterior to the ___.
The ___ lies in a groove on the posterior surface of the head of the pancreas.
a beak-like projection of the pancreatic head
The uncinate process is directly ___ to the SMV.
stomach, duodenum, left lobe of liver
The body and tail are bounded anteriorly and superiorly by the ___, ___, and ___ ___ ___ ___.
The body of the pancreas lies anterior to the ___ and ___.
Most of the pancreas is composed of pancreatic ___ ___ and their associated ducts.
feeds the head of the pancreas
splenic artery, SMA
branches enter the body and tail at numerous points
splenic vein, SMV
Venous drainage of the pancreas is provided by tributaries of the ___ ___ and ___.
branch of the common hepatic artery; found superior portion of the head; seen anterior to the CBD
runs from the spleen along the posterior aspect of the pancreas
defines the superior border of the pancreas
posterior to the body of the pancreas
When scannig, the ___ and ___ appear to sit on top of the splenic vein.
The ___ ___ defines the superior border of the pancreas and is helpful when scanning.
The ___ is posterior to the body of the pancreas.
duct of santorini
The accessory duct is also called the ___ ___ ___.
main pancreatic duct, duodenum
The accessory duct branches off the ___ ___ ___ and empties into the ___ separately.
Glucagon is a ___ function of the pancreas.
Glucagon ___ blood sugar.
Insulin ___ blood sugar.
All forms of Diabetes are due to the inability of ___ ___ in the pancreas to produce enough insulin.
___ is used in the digestion of starch.
___ is used in the digestion of fats.
___ is used in the digestion of proteins.
___ ___ neutralizes gastric acid.
glucogon, insulin, islets of langerhans
___ and ___ are endocrine secretions and are produced in the ___ ___ ___.
amylase, lipase, peptidase, sodium bicarbonate, Acinar cells
___, ___, ___, and ___ are exocrine secretions and are produced in ___ ___.
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