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foot and ankle muscle review based on Blandine Calais-Germain "Anatomy of Movement" book

muscles responsible for dorsi flexion

extensor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum brevis, tibialis anterior, peroneus tertius

muscles responsible for plantar flexion

peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, triceps surrae, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus,

muscles responsible for eversion/abduction

peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, peroneus tertiues, extensor digitorum longus

muscles responsible for inversion/adduction

tibialis posterior, tibiallis anterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus


combination of adduction, plantar flexion and supination


combination of abduction, dorsi flexion and pronation

four muscles that help stabilize the ankle while standing on tip toe

peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, extensor hallucis longus, tibialis posterior

TWO tendons playing a crucial role in supporting the arches by forming a "sling" under the middle of the foot

peroneus longus and tibialis posterior

Transverse arch's muscular support comes primarily from these four muscles

adductor hallucis, peroneus longus, tibialis posterior, interossei

Muscle that helps prevent anterior loss of balance when standing on tip toe

flexor hallucis longus

Muscle responsible for "clawfoot"

flexor digitorum brevis

ONLY dorsal intrinsic muscle

extensor digitorum brevis

MOST powerful flexor of toes II-IV

flexor digitorum longus

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