Upgrade to remove ads
AP wrld periods 1&2 notes
Terms in this set (54)
Rock and Pillar Edicts
laws written by Ashoka reminding Mauryans to live generous and righteous lives
A written number system created during the Gupta golden age in India, then adopted by the Islamic Empire before spreading further. Used throughout western civilization today.
(202 BC - 220 AD) dynasty started by Lui Bang; a great and long-lasting rule, it discarded the harsh policies of the Qin dynasty and adopted Confucian principles; Han rulers chose officials who passed the civil service exams rather than birth; it was a time of prosperity
a provincial governor in the ancient Persian empire
An alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians
Blending of Egyptian, Persian and Greek culture; emphasis on philosophy and sciences.
Powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
Twelve Tables of Rome
codified Roman laws; included concept of "innocent until proven guilty"; the codification of Roman law during the republic
60 BCE, unofficial coalition between Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
Octavius, Marc Antony, and Lepidus. Ocatvius took over and Republic was over. entered Pax Romana with Octavius.
Any of the polytheistic religions of the Greco-Roman world, an umbrella term for ancient Mediterranean religions other than Judaism and Christianity.
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior.
Edict of Milan
Contract in 313 A.D. to stop the persecution of Christians
Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.
Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Laozi; taught that people should turn to nature and give up their worldly concerns. Also teaches a balance in everything.
Believing in many gods
a Chinese philosophy that was devoted to strengthen and expand the state through increased agricultural work and military service
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
A religion based on the teachings of Buddha
Became a major religion in the world and influenced the development of Christianity and Islam. It was founded around 2000 BC. It was the first major monotheistic religion (belief in one God).
"the way of the Elders" - Prevalent form of Buddhism in Cambodia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka, and Thailand; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle.
200 year period of peace in Rome
"the Great Vehicle" - The largest of Buddhism's three divisions, prevalent in China, Japan and Korea, encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas.
geographically extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 187 BCE.
as an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE
Chandra Gupta the Great
stretched across northern, central and parts of southern India between c. 320 and 550 CE. The period is noted for its achievements in the arts, architecture, sciences, religion, and philosoph
Great Wall of China
series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups
Qin Shi Huang
the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.
a confederation of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Asian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD
the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141-87 BC. His reign lasted 54 years
governors of the provinces of the ancient Median and Achaemenid Empires
Great Royal Road
ancient highway, part of the Silk Road and the Uttara Path built in ancient South Asia and Central Asia, reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great
Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.
ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent
a member of an ancient people living in what is now Israel and Palestine
capital of Greece. It was also at the heart of Ancient Greece, a powerful civilization and empire.
warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.)
a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.
prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age — specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars
Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought
philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world
considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry
ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems which are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
are a regional and historical population group of ethnic Greeks, inhabiting or originating mainly from the Greek region of Macedonia
Alexander the Great
an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history's greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever seen
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place.
Roman statesman and military leader who served as the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine, and also of the brief Latin, and the later Ottoman empires
Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become Roman cavalry commander to the Emperor
courtesy name Jujun, was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin Dynasty, ruling 9-23 AD
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Mod World Civ Honors - Summer Project
History 2A UCSB Final
Ways of the World Chapter 4 Vocab
history 1 Calhoun
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Words for Mrs. Collins vocab test
Ap world Princeton Review Chapter 10
ap world history princeton review chapter 9
Period 3 ap world review