AP Government Supreme Court cases
Terms in this set (15)
Schenck v United States (1919)
Handed out anti-draft pamphlets. Decided that pamphlets presented a clear and present danger and thus weren't protected under freedom of speech
Tinker V. DeMoines (1969)
The Court ruled that wearing black armbands in protest of the Vietnam War was symbolic speech, protected by the First Amendment.
New York Times Co V. U.S (1971)
The Court reaffirmed its position of prior restraint, refusing to stop the publication of the Pentagon Papers. Freedom of press upheld
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
The Court ruled that in state trials, those who cannot afford an attorney will have one provided by the state.
Brown V. Board of Education (1954)
The "separate but equal" doctrine as it applies to public education is unconstitutional; separate schools are inherently unequal. The court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson.
Roe V. Wade (1973)
Women have an absolute right to an abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy based on a constitutionally protected right of privacy.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
The court established its role as the decider of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle known as judicial review.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
The courts ruled that the states cannot tax the federal government (the Bank of the United States) because federal government is supreme to the states (supremacy clause) and confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (elastic clause).
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
A state authorized students in its public schools to recite a short, voluntary prayer. The Court found that prayer could not be mandated by public schools as it violated establishment clause of 1st Amendment. Separation of church and state
Baker v. Carr (1961)
case that established the principle of one man, one vote. The case also decided the Supreme Court had jurisdiction over questions of legislative apportionment.
U.S. v. Lopez (1995)
While Congress has broad lawmaking authority under the Commerce Clause, the power is limited, and did not extend so far from "commerce" as to authorize the regulation of the carrying of handguns
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
Compulsory school attendance law was unconstitutional when applied to the Amish, because it violated their rights under the First Amendment, which guaranteed the free exercise of religion.
McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
Determined whether the Second Amendment applies to the individual states. The Court held that the right of an individual to "keep and bear arms" protected by the Second Amendment is incorporated by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and applies to the states.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)
a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that the First Amendment prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions. Free speech does apply to corporations.
Shaw v. Reno (1993)
Redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause.