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Arts and Humanities
Love Justice Final Quizlet
Terms in this set (22)
Definition of Virtue Ethics
An act is morally right just because it is one that a virtuous person, acting with a good character, would characteristically do in that situation.
Elements of Virtue Ethics
The morally good character is defined. This includes curtained traits, dispositions, orientations or a person that are called virtues ( excelences)
Virtue ethics are not just ( blank) ,but multiple ( Blank)
Virtue Ethics are Not just good in ( Blank) of the person but in the ( Blank) of the person. ( Blank) focused more than ( Blank) focus (like Kantian and Utilitarian ethics)
Parts, Whole Agent, action,
What is a good example of Virtue Ethics?
Aristotle's Virtue Ethics
Aristotle's Virtue Ethics are based in what?
Telos: Not just good in parts of the person but in the whole of the person. Agent focused more than action focus (like Kantian and Utilitarian ethics)
What is the purpose or good of a human?
eudaimonia ( = happiness = well-being or flourishing)
What is Eudaimonia?
Flourishing of a human determined by its unique function
What is not the unique functioning of a Human Being?
Not merely Pleasure, since other animals have the capacity to. Not making/working with tools because some animals can do that. Not merely existing.
What is the unique function of a human?
Rational activity of the human (soul), forming, restraining, directing the soul (the human), Rational control or direction of the passions (desires, fears, emotions) of the soul specified
How rationality obtains the flourishing of the human life through virtues or excellences (arete) of the soul.
Moral virtues are....
moral habits, traits, dispositions, orientations of the soul/life/action that accomplish the flourishing of a complete human being.
Habits, virtues must involve deliberate choice (voluntary) not a ( Blank) choice.
Habits and Virtues are developed by ( Blank)
What are the three problems with Aristotle's Virtue Ethics?
1). Not enough of what we should do, and more of what we should be. 2). Defined too much by natural human moral excellences, virtues, and communities. 3).It compares confucius "Golden Rule" of the virtuous life.
Stevens Ethics include two principles, what are they?
Love and Justice
What does stevens ethics combine?
Intentional treatment of others as intrinsically valuable in action-based ethic (like Kant),including non-persons.
Deeper intrinsic value than just individual persons
Utilitarian principle of doing the most good on the whole, when intrinsic values conflict
In Steven's Ethics, Love is defined/ illustrated as
Other Centeredness.Not selfless love (annihilation of self).
What is agape love?
gift-love that gives ourselves away to the deep good of others , doesn't annihilate ourselves
Justice is defined in general as
How to treat others when there are many others
The formal principle is defined as
Treating equal beings equally and unequal beings unequally.
The Substantive principle of justice is defined as
Treating each being with respect for its ideal created nature, intrinsic value, purpose, or function.
Injustice is defined as
treating beings as more or less than their actual nature.
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