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America Since 1980-Reagan-Obama (Moore)
Unit 8 USHG Lane Terms & People
Terms in this set (63)
1981-1989,"Great Communicator" Republican, conservative economic policies, replaced liberal Democrats in upper house with consevative Democrats or "boll weevils" , at reelection time, jesse jackson first black presdiential candidate, Geraldine Ferraro as VP running mate (first woman)
George HW Bush
president during the Gulf War, ability to quickly bring the war to a conclusion while suffering relatively few casualties resulted in the second-highest approval rating of any president, 89%
Maximum limits on the number of people who could immigrate from each country to a particular country during a one-year period. Ex: In 1910, Congress passed immigration quotas, the immigration from European countries could only be 3% of the number of its nationals living in the U.S.
A partially accurate term referring to the restriction on citizenship from abroad to free white persons.
An international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. It was founded in 1945 at the signing of the United Nations Charter by 50 countries, replacing the League of Nations, founded in 1919.
A national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
The process by which inhabitants of a given territory—irrespective of ethnic, religious, or lin guistic differences—come to identify with symbols and institutions of their nation-state.
Economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
Act that prohibits discrimination against job applicants on the basis of national origin or citizenship; establishes penalties for hiring illegal aliens and requires employers to establish each employee's identity and eligibility to work.
Immigration Act 1965
abolished the national-origins quotas and providing for the admission each year of 170,000 immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 from the Western Hemisphere
Difference between things
Star Wars Defense System
laser umbrella shield against missile attack
Gulf of War/Operation Desert Storm
War waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq
Federal Violent Crime Control & Law Enforcement Act
Act of Congress trying to solve crime and violence acts
dedication ceremony for memorial of victims of the high school shooting in 1999. memorials are loved for decades and generations.
A series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings.
This teacher was selected from over 10,000 applicants to be the first private citizen in space. She died during the launch of the Challenger on January 28, 1986, in a catastrophe that was broadcast live.
Supply Side Economics
An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
A deficiency or lack of something
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached
George W Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
Between April 1992 and November 1995, Serbia set out to "ethnically cleanse" Bosnian territory by systematically killing Muslims and Croats.
Manifest destiny, melting pot, and production line
2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell; New Start treaty with Russia
Colin Powell was an American military general and leader during the Persian Gulf War. He played a crucial role in planning and attaining America's victory in the Persian Gulf and Panama.. He was also the first black four star general and chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff.
American Association of Retired Persons; Nationwide organization for people over 50 that offers discount drug purchases, health & auto insurance, publications, & other activities
(RR) Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected, Poindexter and North involved
This law passed after 9/11 expanded the tools used to fight terrorism and improved communication between law enforcement and intelligence agencies
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
Osama Bin Laden
(1957-) Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks.
1983 Lebanon Bombing of US Marines
Two bombs hit United States and French buildings killing 299 servicemen.
A situation in which quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
Jesse Jackson's idea of forging an alliance between groups of minorities and the disadvantaged
Rev Jesse Jackson
he ran for the democrat nomination for president
A government payment that supports a business or market
Settlers who ran in land races to claim land upon the 1889 opening of Indian Territory for settlement
a foreigner who has entered or resides in a country unlawfully or without the country's authorization.
an organization with the goal of eliminating ageism in all its forms.
Don't Ask Don't Tell
Under Clinton administration. Concerns allowing gays into military but forbids begin openly homosexual.
Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.
Glasnost & Perestrokia
Openess aimed to ventilate the secretive, repressive stuffiness of Soviet society by introducing free speach and a measure of political liberty. Perestrokia was intended to revive the moribund Soviet economy by adopting many of the free market practices such as the profit motive and an end to subsidized prices of the capitalist West.
delegates of 159 countries agreed in 1997 to cut greenhouse gas emissions blamed for global warming
A United Nations agency created by a multinational treaty to promote trade by the reduction of tariffs and import quotas
a network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
Engel vs. Vitale, 1962
A school system wrote a prayer to be used on a voluntary basis. This was struck down because government should not compose official prayers or have sponsored religious programs.
Abington School District vs. Schempp, 1963
court ruled that Establishment Clause was violated by the reading of a Bible verse each day
Tinker vs. DeMoines School District, 1969
Determined constitutional rights of students in public schools
New Jersey vs. TLO, 1985
Permits school officials to search student property with standard of "reasonable suspicion"
Veronia School District vs.Acton, 1995
drug tests aren't unreasonable in schools; student athletes are held to a greater standard than other students
Texas vs. Johnson, 1989
burning the U.S flag is legal under freedom of speech
Cruzan vs. Director, Missouri Dept. Health, 1990
Patients can refuse medical treatment, providing informed suicide
Planned Parenthood of SE Pa, et. al. vs. Casey, 1992
State's legislature amended its abortion control law. Law required informed consent and a 24 hour waiting period prior to the procedure. A married woman must notify husband. A minor must receive parental consent. Court upheld most procisions, but made the "undue burden test" to test validity of laws restricting abortions.
Bush vs. Gore, 2000
Overruled Florida court, Bush declared President
Lawrence vs. Texas, 2003
What case/year resulted in privacy rights for homosexuals in private lives?
Windsor vs. United States, 2013
A case trying to only allow heterosexual marriages
A bill dedicated to a man who had been paralyzed as a result of the Reagan assassination attempt. It established that you must undergo a 24hr background check before buying a gun
Space Shuttles Challenger & Columbia
A disaster that broke 73 seconds into flight killing 7 crew members
Most Favored Nation Status
agreement to offer a trading partner the lowest tariff rate offered to other trading partners
This ship sunk in 2000 after an Al Qaeda terrorist attack.
DOMA & Proposition 8
Defense of Marriage Act
Palestine Liberation Organization
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