Terms in this set (25)
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
a comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.
a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.
repeating a phrase in reverse order
a figure of speech in which an opposition or contrast of ideas is expressed by parallelism of words that are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other, such as "hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins".
not only refers to words, but it can also refer to phrases, expressions, spellings, and syntax that is old fashioned. The language changes and evolves with time.
Value, Policy, and Factual- state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.
the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.
ironic understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
The definition of hortative is a choice of words that encourage action. An example of a hortative sentence is, "Just try it at least once!"
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true.
the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose which correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc.
ethos: The rhetor is perceived by the audience as credible (or not).
pathos: The rhetor attempts to persuade the audience by making them feel certain emotions
logos: The rhetor attempts to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical.
a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer.
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.
a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses (e.g., John and his license expired last week ) or to two others of which it semantically suits only one (e.g., with weeping eyes and hearts ).