VA Reading SOL Literary Terms and Figurative Language
Terms in this set (50)
Reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture.
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as
comparison of two unlike things using like or as
giving human qualities to animals or objects
a statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
a central idea of a work
the, the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
point of view
the perspective from which the writer tells the story (1st, 2nd, 3rd person; omniscient, limited omniscient)
A symbol, story pattern, or character type that is found in the literature of many cultures. Ex: rebel, dreamer, loyal companion, rugged individualist, hero, caretaker, villain, trickster, scapegoat, or innocent
the time (period) and place where a story occurs; also includes the cultural, emotional, and social environments
the opposite of what is expected. 3 types of irony: dramatic irony is when the audience knows something the character doesn't; verbal irony is when a character says something unexpected; and situational irony is when something unexpected happens at particular location.
the problem or problems characters face in a literary work; a struggle between two opposing forces. person vs. person, person vs self, person vs nature, person vs society, person vs technology
an object that is used to represent something else (usually a larger, philosophical and more important idea). It is usally an object that represents an abstract or higher level idea. (other versions of the word: symbolism, symbolize, symbolic)
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
the historical setting for an event in a story
words that help the reader form mental pictures and usually involve one or more of the five senses (see, hear, smell, taste, and touch)
fact vs opinion
can be proven true versus cannot be proven true
the use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the plot of the story
when a portion of the story goes back in time
a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms. "jumbo shrimp" and "cruel kindness."
A play on words wherein a word is used to convey two meanings at the same time. Ex: a lawyer turned chef is a "sue-chef." Ex2: Mooning is lunacy! Ex3: Partying Saturday and Sunday leaves me feeling "weakened."
address to an absent or imaginary person
the playwright's written instructions to tell the actor how to look, position his body, or sound.
anything that causes laughter or amusement
a conversation between two people. Ex:
"Hi, Rob! How are you today?" Sally asked.
Rob replied, "I'm doing great! Thanks for asking."
Sally laughed and said, "You are always in a great mood."
"Of course, Sally. I love life!"
Words spoken by an actor directly to the audience, which are not "heard" by the other characters on stage during a play.
in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience. The actor is "solo" on stage and shares his thoughts to let the audience in on something.
a long speech made by one character while in front of other characters.
a funny or humorous literary tone that an author uses to make fun of something to try to change something that is wrong with society.
an essay that tells the writer's personal opinion, beliefs, or ideas about a subject
an outrageously exaggerated, humorous story that is obviously unbelievable
an article (usually written by an editor) giving opinions or perspectives
a text structure that uses the order in which events happen in time (usually in hours, days, months, or years)
a text structure that uses the arrangement of details in space or the order in which they are located.
order of importance
a text structure that uses supporting evidence that is arranged in the order of least to most (or most to least) important. Transitions show the relationships between ideas.
a text structure that uses a series of items in a numbered or meaningful sequence; test also uses the word "enumerating"
compare and contrast
A text structure that tells how two or more things, people, places, or ideas are alike and different.
cause and effect
is a text structure that writers use to explain how or why one thing leads to another. The cause is the reason that an action or reaction takes place. The effect is the result or consequence of the cause
problem and solution
A text structure that presents a problem and offers solutions to solve the problem.
an unproven theory (or hypothesis) that a writer or author uses in the introduction; the writer uses facts and supporting evidence to try to prove the thesis in the body paragraphs of the essay.
information from the words or sentences surrounding a word that helps to clarify the word's meaning.
a conclusion, judgment or opnion that one draws (infers) based on premises or evidence. (Word variation: infer, inferring, inferred)
What the passage is mostly about (like the topic)
thesis statement; main point the author is trying to convey or author's purpose
the first sentence of the paragraph that includes the subject of that paragraph.
a section of text
a portion taken from a longer work