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environmental health and infectious disease
Terms in this set (41)
The basic science that studies the health effects associated with chemical exposures.
In Haiti, ______is the leading cause of infant mortality and illness in children.
hepatitis, cholera, and chronic diarrhea
Germs for_______ are carried in water used for cooking and drinking.
contaminated with human waste
Nearly every water source in Haiti has become__________ because of the absence of a sewage sanitation system.
_______now has the highest infant mortality rate in the western hemisphere.
water borne gastorintestinal diseases
The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) reported that more than half of all deaths in Haiti were due to...
In the US, a larger problem developed during the Industrial Revolution.
who are the most vulnerable/susceptible population?
the ability of the host to withstand infection
innate ability to resist an infection
resistance as a result of previous natural exposure
immunization through transfer of a specific antibody (antibody transfer from other to baby)
protection by administration of an antigen
refers to the immunity of a group
a measure of the potential ability of an infected host to transmit an infection
parent to offspring (mode of transmission)
person to person spread (mode of transmission)
time interval between invasion and onset of symptoms
period of time that you are capable of spreading the disease
occurrence of a disease in excess of what you would normally see
an epidemic occurring worldwide
gathering data as to who, when, where, and what
the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of specific health data for use in public health
are often in the forefront of responses to be made in the surveillance process.
to remove a disease from a large geographic area
irreversible termination of all transmission of infection
Acquired during hospitalization or developed within a hospital setting
has become one of the world's greatest public health challenges
Most often transmitted through the fecal-oral route; sources may be water, food, or sexual contact; often silent in children
Spread through blood and body fluids; can survive at room temperature for at least 1 week
Spread through blood or body fluids
Most common chronic bloodborne infection in the U.S.; leading cause of chronic liver disease, end-stage liver disease, liver cancer, and liver transplants in the U.S.
Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Transmitted by airborne droplets
Causes pulmonary symptoms and wasting
One & Two Step Mantoux testing (aka PPD testing)- boosting for anergy
direct observed therapy
Used when patient non-compliance is suspected
Ensures ongoing medication regimen
Helps prevent drug-resistant disease
Infection of the urethra and cervix
Attacks genitals and sacral nerve
Presents with visible lesions -vesicles to ulcerations
Caused by human papillomavirus (HPV)
Linked to cervical cancer
Causes inflammation of urethra and cervix
Can also be asymptomatic
pelvic inflammatory disease
Infections in the reproductive organs, fallopian tubes, endometrium
Can result in infertility
S&S include: vaginal discharge, urinary frequency, vomiting, fever,
Usually results from untreated gonorrhea or chlamydia
Characterized by lesions or chancres
Relapses are common
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