# Research Final

What are the 4 Foundations of Human Behaviors (i.e. the Major Tenets of Philosophical Underpinnings)?
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Terms in this set (43)
1) Positivism - Truth exists and can be known. There is a real reality. Dichotomus conclusions are possible.
2) Postpositivism - Truth can never be fully known. There is a real reality. Dichotomus conclusions are not possible because systems are complex.
3) Constructivism - There are no absolute truths. There is no real reality or absolute truth. Perceptions are reality. Ideas about the world are constructed in the minds of individuals.
4) Critical Theory - Social constructions are shaped by social, political, historical, and economic forces. Social constructions results from power structures that have become embedded within a societal context over time.
1) Sex - Anatomical or biological characteristics
2) Gender - Culturally ascribed characteristics associated with maleness or femaleness (cultural phenomenon)
3) Ethnicity - Characterized by sharing cultural characteristics, national origins, religious affiliations, or other types of socially or geographically defined group
4) Culture - The values, beliefs, language, rituals, traditions, and other behaviors that are passed down from one generation to another within any social group (Subjective Culture)
5) Race - Biological components where people are divided into groups based on similar physical features and behavioral tendencies. Pay close attention to the following:
- Mongoloid - Ancestors were born in East Asia
- Caucasoid - Ancestors were born in Europe
- Negroid - Ancestors were born in Sub-Saharan Africa
1) Fidelity/Veracity - Faithfulness, truthfulness, keeping promises, loyalty
2) Autonomy - Liberty to choose one's course of action and freedom of choice 🇺🇸
3) Justice - Fairness, rightness, and equity
4) Nonmaleficence - Subjects must not be harmed by participating in the research
5) Beneficence - Doing good for others
1) Researcher Bias - Preconceived ideas or thoughts about a particular group that may hinder the validity of research findings