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Screening for Pulmonary Disease Terms
Terms in this set (28)
Possible causes of dry, hacking cough?
Viral infections, interstitial lung disease, tumor, allergies, anxiety
Possible causes of chronic, productive cough?
Bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, abscess, bacterial pneumonia, tuberculosis
Possible causes of wheezing cough?
Bronchospasm, asthma, allergies, CHF
Possible causes of barking cough?
Epiglottal disease (ex = croup)
Possible causes of stridor cough?
Possible causes of morning cough?
Possible causes of nocturnal cough?
Postnasal drip, CHF
Possible causes of cough associated with eating or drinking?
Neuromuscular disease of the upper esophagus
Possible causes of inadequate cough?
Gasping inspiration followed by short expiration
apneustic breathing pattern
An irregular pattern of deep and shallow breaths; fast, deep breaths interspersed with abrupt pauses in breathing
Biot's respiration (ataxia)
Repeated cycle of deep breathing followed by shallow breaths or cessation of breathing
Discontinuous, low-pitched sounds predominantly heard during INSPIRATION that indicate secretions in the peripheral airways
Abnormally prolonged and deep breathing
Reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli, which causes an increase in the arterial CO2 level
A distressing dyspnea characterized by increased RR (>20/min), increased depth of respiration, panting, and labored respiration typical of air hunger
Chest becomes flattened anteriorly with excessive flaring of the lower ribs (supine position); minimal to no upper chest expansion or accessory muscle involvement with outward flaring of the lower rib cage instead; the person breathes into the lateral plane of respiration (gravity eliminated) because the weakened diaphragm & intercostal muscles cannot effectively oppose the force of gravity in the anterior plane; used to focus expansion in areas of the chest wall that have decreased expansion (ex = SCI or scoliosis)
All or part of the chest wall falls in during inspiration; may be abdominal expansion during exhalation; can lead to a flattened anterior chest wall or pectus excavatum
Paradoxical breathing (reverse breathing)
A shrill, harsh sound heard during inspiration in the presence of laryngeal obstruction
High-pitched, continuous whistling sound, usually with EXPIRATION and related to bronchospasm or other constriction of the airways
Absence of breathing; caused by cardiac arrest
Irregular breathing with long periods of apnea; caused by increased intracranial pressure, drug-induced respiratory depression, or brain damage (usually at the medulla)
Irregular breathing with intermittent periods of increased and decreased rates and depths of breaths alternating with periods of apnea; caused by drug-induced respiratory depression, CHF, or brain damage (usually at the medulla)
fast and deep breathing; caused by metabolic acidosis
Pulmonary pain patterns: Results in sharp, localized pain that is aggravated by respiratory movements. It is alleviated by _____________, which diminishes the movement of that side of the chest.
auto splinting (lying on the affected side)
Diaphragmatic pleural pain:
-Stimulation of the peripheral portions of the diaphragmatic pleura --> sharp pain felt along _________ --> referred to the ________ region by the lower thoracic somatic nerves.
the costal margins;
Diaphragmatic pleural pain:
-Stimulation of the central portion of the diaphragmatic pleura --> sharp pain referred to the ___________ muscles and shoulder on the __________ side of the stimulation
Asthma is due to a hyperactive immune response to allergens which results in increased amounts of IgE. this is a Type ____ hypersensitivity reaction.
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