4 Written questions
4 Multiple choice questions
- two opposing ideas presented in a parallel manner. Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
- construction (word, phrase, another sentence) that is placed as an unexpected aside in the middle of the rest of the sentence. Ex: "His guitar (he always thought of it as his right arm) was missing again."
- a metaphor that uses a part to represent the whole. Ex: "I just got a new set of wheels."
- a metaphor in which the actual subject is represented by an item with which it is closely related. Ex: "Today, the White House issued a statement congratulating Congress on its passage of the new energy bill."
3 True/False questions
epithet → used for emphasis or affirmation and asserts a point by denying the opposite. Ex: "Tornadoes are not unheard of in Nebraska during the summer." (when in fact they occur frequently)
litotes → adjective or adjective phrase that an author uses to describe the perceived nature of a noun by accentuating one of its dominant characteristics, whether real or metaphysical. Ex: "grey-eyed Athena"
understatement → a writer uses this to minimize the obvious importance or seriousness of someone or something, assuming the audience knows the significance. Ex: "After a fireman saves a family, he says, 'Just doing my job.'"