AP Comp Gov Test Review
Terms in this set (55)
What is a political regime?
The enduring practices that exist from government to government
What is the best definition of political socialization?
The process by which citizens acquire their political beliefs
What is the best definition of legitimacy?
Citizens' belief in the government's right to rule
What is not an example of a pluralist system?
A single peak association represents each group
What is an example of government?
The current members of parliament
What is not an example of civil society?
A department within the bureaucracy
What is an accurate example of patron-client relations?
A member of the legislature funnels state resources to citizens in exchange for their votes
What country uses proportional representation to elect some or all of its members to the national legislature?
Which country has a majoritarian two-party system
What powers are fused in a parliamentary government?
Executive and legislative
In which country is income distribution most unequal?
A high level of autonomy for a state indicates it
Can act independently from the will of the public
What benefits can a federalist system produce?
Citizens can more easily contact local officials who are responsible for a problem, local levels of government can be used to experiment with policies to be implemented nationally later, regional cultural differences can be reflected in local policies, and it improves efficiency since decisions are made quickly locally.
A leader who was elected legally and has become increasingly unpopular would appeal to which type of legitimacy to justify continuing his/her rule?
What is not a characteristic of an illiberal democracy?
A presidential structure of government
One of the central arguments of dependency theory is that
Developing countries had become dependant upon colonial powers, and now needed to establish self-sufficiency
Which ideology rejects the notions of liberty and equality as central goals of politics?
A person who wishes to enact rapid political change to revert to a value system from the past would be considered a
In terms of political attitude, a liberal is one who
Believes gradual, transformational change should occur
WHat is the UK's system of government?
It is a unitary system with developed powers
What is an impact of the UK's FPP system?
Broad-based political parties are encouraged to form
What is the most important policy making organization in China?
What is China's economic policy today?
China is close to a market economy today, but still has a large state-owned sector
In the early days of Mexico's PRI rule, politicians were frequently recruited from
Which leader in Nigeria was the first to be elected under the new regime of the Constitution of 1999?
Which party currently has the most support in Russia?
What policies has Putin implemented in Russia?
Taking aggressive military stances within former Soviet states, reducing the power of regional governments, limiting the media time for political opponents, and criminally prosecuting perceived political opponents.
What institution in Iran has the ability to disqualify candidates from running for office?
Between 1966 and 1999, all of Nigeria's presidents were
The influx of non-European immigrant groups into Britain has challenged the state in what way?
Non-European immigrant groups have had more difficulty integrating into British society compared to previous immigrant groups
In both China and Russia, the president
Acts as the ceremonial head of state
Which office in Iran is directly elected by the people?
The significance of the year 2000 presidential election in Mexico was that
An opposition party candidate won the election for the first time
Major protests by the "Green Movement" in Iran after the 2009 election
Accused the government of falsifying the election results
Which country would be considered least developed, based on the measure of GDP per capita?
One unique requirement in the Nigerian presidential election is that the winning candidate must
Receive at least 25% of the vote in at least two-thirds of the states to be declared the winner
In both the UK and Russia,
The lower house of the legislature possesses considerably more power than the upper house
A state is distinguished from other forms of social organization in that it
Has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force within society
The state's attempts to restrict, control, and command the economy often lead to
The development of black markets, uncontrolled by the state
Globalization is most directly causing
A diminished significance in state boundaries
A corporatist interest group system is characterized by
State selection of which businesses and interest groups can legitimately participate in policy making
When a policy is presented to voters for their approval, it is called
When comparing the responses of the Soviet state to the Chinese state during the protests for democratization in 1989, one accurate statement would be that
The Soviet leadership was more receptive in attempting democratic reform, while the Chinese responded with violent crackdowns against protestors
Democratic centralism in the Soviet Union referred to
The concentration of power in the hands of those in the top rungs of the Communist Party
What actions adhere to those of a direct democracy?
The government stages a referendum on a controversial policy measure
What is the clearest distinction between democratic and authoritarian regimes?
In democratic regimes, leaders can be voted out of office
The EU, ECOWAS, OPEC, and the UN could all be classified as
Non-elected positions, impersonal structures, formal qualifications for jobs, and a hierarchical organizational structure are common characteristics of
Which country uses both SMD and PR election systems to choose its national legislatures?
What has shaped the political cultures of Russia, China, Mexico, and Iran?
The Revolution of 1979 was different from twentieth century revolutions in Russia and China because it resulted in
A religious state
Iran has invited the threat of economic sanctions from the international community due to its
Pursuit of nuclear technology outside the scope of the IAEA
The main reason that an increasing number of women have been elected recently to the Mexican legislature is
An election law that requires political parties to sponsor female candidates
What Maoist view emphasizes communication between party leaders, members, and peasants?
Environmental policy in China in the last two decades has been characterized by
A calculated decision to focus on economic growth and development, and worry about the environment at a later time