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Inherited and Acquired Traits
Terms in this set (14)
Traits are your physical characteristics, like your hair or eye color. Every living thing has traits that make it unique. Most traits are passed down from parents, however, they can also come from your grandparents or even your great-grandparents.
a behavior that has been learned from experience or observation. A behavior that an organism develops as a result of experience. For example walking, running, and swimming.
a way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is not learned : a natural desire or tendency that makes you want to act in a particular way. An example would be to run away from danger.
all that factors in and around living things that impact the behaviors that are acquired or learned.
the process when a cell needs to be replicated into exact copies of itself. Everything in the cell is duplicated. The two new cells have the same DNA, functions, and genetic code.
the stages a living thing goes through during its life. In some cases the process is slow, and the changes are gradual. Humans have various steps during their lives, such as zygote, embryo, child and adult.
tiny structures inside cells made from DNA and protein. The information inside these structures acts like a recipe that tells cells how to function and replicate.
Diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenotype combinations of a genetic cross. It is the main way to figure out the pattern of inheritance that could come from two parents.
sections of information inside the DNA molecule that tells the cell how to make a certain protein which may determine a trait such as the color of the eyes.
a gene in one strand of DNA that is stronger than the corresponding gene in another strand of DNA.
a gene in one strand of DNA that is weaker than the corresponding gene in another strand of DNA.
one of a number of different forms of a gene; this is the specific pattern in a gene;
the material that carries all the information about how a living thing will look and function. For instance, in humans it determines such things as what color the eyes are and how the lungs work.
A trait that is not in your genes but is picked up from environmental factors. (such as a suntan or a broken nose) cannot be passed on
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