Terms in this set (60)
the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and
behavior influence and are influenced by social groups; area of psychology
in which psychologists focus on how human behavior is affected by the presence of other people.
changing one's own behavior to match that of other people
kind of thinking that occurs when people place more importance
on maintaining group cohesiveness than on assessing the facts of the problem with which the group is concerned
symptoms of groupthink
invulnerability, inherent morality, rationalization, lack of introspection, stereotyping, pressure, lack of disagreement, self-deception, insularity
the tendency for the presence of other people to have a positive impact on the performance of an easy task
the tendency for the presence of other people to have a negative impact on the performance of a difficult task
the tendency for people to put less effort into a simple task when
working with others on that task.
changing one's behavior as a result of other people directing or asking for the change
branch of psychology that studies the habits of consumers in the marketplace.
foot in the door
asking for a small commitment and, after gaining
compliance, asking for a bigger commitment
door in the face
asking for a large commitment and being refused
and then asking for a smaller commitment.
low ball technique
getting a commitment from a person and then raising the
cost of that commitment
changing one's behavior at the command of an authority figure.
compliance vs obediance
perception of the person who is being asked or commanded
the mental processes that people use to make sense of the
social world around them.
a tendency to respond positively or negatively toward a certain person, object, idea, or situation
the process by which one person tries to change the belief, opinion,
position, or course of action of another person through argument, pleading,
negative attitude held by a person about the members of a particular
treating people differently because of prejudice toward the
social group to which they belong.
slights, indignities, and put-downs that many minorities routinely encounter
Overlapping of social categories such as race, class, gender as they apply to a given individual or group. Creates interdependent systems of discrimination/disadvantage
realist conflict theory
theory stating that prejudice and discrimination will
be increased between groups that are in conflict over a limited resource.
best way to eliminate prejudice is...
liking or having the desire for a relationship with
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love
intimacy, passion, commitment
four categories of interpersonal attraction
physical, proximity (exposure effect), similarity, reciprocity of liking
actions meant to harm or destroy; behavior intended to hurt or
destroy another person.
the extent to which people feel frustrated predicts the likelihood that they will act aggressively
stanford prison experiment
looked at social roles and aggression
social roles are very powerful
socially desirable behavior that benefits others.
prosocial behavior that is done with no expectation of reward and may involve the risk of harm to oneself.
kitty genovese and the bystander effect
referring to the effect that the presence of other people has
on the decision to help or not help, with help becoming less likely as the number of bystanders increases
diffusion of responsibility
occurring when a person fails to take responsibility
for actions or for inaction because of the presence of other people who are
seen to share the responsibility
not the same thing as character; the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel,
value judgments of a person's moral and ethical behavior.
4 traditional perspectives in studying personality
psychodynamic, behavioristic, humanistic, the trait approach
trait theory big 5
openness, conscientiousness extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
problem with projective tests
low reliability and validity
the study of abnormal behavior and psychological dysfunction.
any pattern of behavior or thinking that causes people
significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life
insanity is not the same as a...
a psych disorder can only be diagnosed by a
a legal term
the need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture
in which behavior takes place
symptoms of social anxiety disorder
excessive or unrealistic anxiety.
It can be generalized or a specific fear; stage fright or fear of public speaking
an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity.
panic attack symptoms
a sudden onset of
extreme panic with various physical symptoms: racing heart, rapid breathing, a sensation
of being "out of one's body," dulled hearing and vision, sweating, and dry mouth
disorders in which there is a break in conscious awareness, memory, the sense of identity, or some combination
occurs when a person suddenly travels away
from home (the flight) and afterwards cannot remember the trip or even personal information such as identity.
mood disorders (affective disorders)
disorders in which mood is severely disturbed
A prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness
periods of mood that may range from normal to manic, with
or without episodes of depression (bipolar I disorder), or spans of normal mood interspersed with episodes of major depression and episodes of hypomania (bipolar II disorder).
severe disorder in which the person suffers from disordered
thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, and inability to distinguish
between fantasy and reality
treated patients with kindness and improved conditions and they got better, asylum reform
therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem
talks with a psychological professional.
therapies that directly affect the biological functioning
of the body and brain; therapies for mental disorders in which a person with a problem is treated with biological or medical methods to relieve symptoms.
therapies in which the main goal is helping people to gain
insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts, and feelings.
therapy in which the main goal is to change disordered or
inappropriate behavior directly
carl rogers person centered therapy
humanistic, stresses authenticity